This essay will attempt to provide discussion about bribery and corruption in international trade example in vary different point of view in according to the principal ethical system suchlike religious, philosophical and ‘natural’. It will be analyse the case of Siemens bribery scandal related to ethical issues.
Bribery is a most important issue of concern to many companies. Incident of bribery vary across many countries but everyone has a different concept about it as Hong Kong and Greek managers are less critical of bribery in certain situations than Americas. Paying bribery carries with it a great risk to damaging the company reputation with the country which the briberies are paid and at home. Moreover, there is also the risk that the corporate culture of the company will become more open-minded of several of other practices at the legal issues. There is also evidence to suggest that those countries with the reputation for bribery and corruption damage themselves as it reflects in their economic growth has a low rates for high level of corruption suchlike Nigeria.
Corruption can be grand in which run through government ministers, head of state and senior officials, it is al about distortion of decision making “where there is a lot of government, there is a lot of bribery.” (The Economist 2006 p132). On the other hand, petty corruption run through immigration officers or low paid officers is done by remove democracy delays. The distinction between international and domestic corruption is that normally international is involved with grand corruption and petty corruption is involved in domestic corruption. “Bribery of public officials takes place to obtain government contracts or to get officials to do what they should be doing anyway”
The problem of countries that uses a legal basis for ethical behaviour is that laws vary between countries. Not all moral values are common to every culture and strong governments may try to impose their legal and ethical practices to the foreign countries.
Nevertheless, companies that do business with United States are facing difficult enforcement of laws against overseas bribery “there really is a firm belief that corruption undermines democracy and is bad for business” (Financial Times 2007 p5). It believes with all current merges and acquisitions have also led to more cases of bribery. The two managers of worked for Siemens in Munich Germany had been accused in laundered bribes to win Siemens business in some of the 190 countries in which it operates. “It is investigating $420m of suspicious payments to consultant over the past seven years.” (The Economist 2006 p79) consequently, Siemens announced new measures to show how determine it is to change its culture. The task for Siemens is to continue business as usual elsewhere.
Religion must be differentiating from ethics, if the business is to be able to concentrate on truly ethical concerns. The most religions have a moral codes but ethics and religion are not the same thing. The religion differ from ethics because religion believes in connection with divine or with saving souls. Religion can affect business in many ways. Religious principles can rule specific business areas as unacceptable to the faith suchlike Muslim are not allowed to charge interest and therefore may not be conventional bankers. Religion can even condemn the purpose of some business. However, religion cannot change the purpose of the business or what count in consequence as proper business conduct.
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