Breast Cancer Final

Topics: Cancer, Oncology, Public health Pages: 12 (3967 words) Published: March 6, 2013
A Community Assessment

Inside the Breast Clinic at Roswell Park Cancer Institute
A Community Assessment
Claudia Ames
Empire State College

Table of Contents

Inside the Breast Clinic at Roswell Park Cancer Institute1

Claudia Ames1

Empire State College1

Table of Contents………………………………………………………………………………….2

Introduction………………………………………………………………………………………..3

Community Overview……………………………………………………………………………..4

Windshield Survey……………………………………………………………………………..….6

Epidemiology…………………………………………………………………………………….14

Population Aggregate…………………………………………………...……………………….16

Political Issues………………………………………………………………………..………….17

Community Diagnosis…………………………………………………………………………...17

Community Resources…………………………………………………………………………..17

Community Health Nurses Role………………………………………………………………...19

Summary…………………………………………………………………………………………21

Reference List……………………………………………………………………………………22

Introduction
In the past few months, I have been working in the Breast Clinic at Roswell Park Cancer Institute (RPCI). The community served is women facing breast cancer. As health care professionals, we are included in the community as we share a common interest. RPCI contributes to the community by providing services to the population by researching and providing treatment for breast cancer. The women treated in this population have already been screened and ether diagnosed with breast cancer or has been found to have suspicious imaging. This puts them in a high risk population. About 1 in 8 U.S. women (just under 12%) will develop invasive breast cancer over the course of her lifetime. In 2011, an estimated 230,480 new cases of invasive breast cancer were expected to be diagnosed in women in the U.S., along with 57,650 new cases of non-invasive breast cancer (U.S. Breast Cancer Statistics, 2012). According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), 210,203 women in the United States were diagnosed with breast cancer in 2008, and 40,589 women in the United States died from breast cancer. It is estimated that in 2012 there will be 226,870 new cases of breast cancer in women (Breast Cancer Statistics, 2012). In New York State 2009, 15,080 female breast cancer cases were reported and 2,654 deaths were reported.  Erie County had 806 cases of breast cancer diagnosed and the mortality rate was 175.8 (Cancer Incidence and Mortality, 2012). Each year, the Breast Program at Roswell Park treats 500+ women newly-diagnosed with breast cancer with about 40% of the breast cancer patients in Western New York. This section provides data on women who were treated for breast cancer at RPCI in 2009.

http://www.roswellpark.org/sites/default/files/imagecache/540-by-Y/images/asset/nid89928-breast-agediagnosis-web.png

Community Overview
This paper will focus on Roswell Park as the community served. Also Roswell will be addressed within Buffalo New York’s’ east side. The Breast Clinic at Roswell Park Cancer Institute (RCPI) is a community resource for women who have been diagnosed with Breast Cancer in the Western New York Area. Next to skin cancer, breast cancer is the most common cancer among women in the United States. It is also one of the leading causes of cancer death among women of all races. According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), 210,203 women in the United States were diagnosed with breast cancer in 2008, and 40,589 women in the United States died from breast cancer. It is estimated that in 2012 there will be 226,870 new cases of breast cancer in women (Breast Cancer Statistics, 2012). In New York State 2009, 15,080 female breast cancer cases were reported and 2,654 deaths were reported.  Erie County had 806 cases of breast cancer diagnosed and the mortality rate was 175.8 (Cancer Incidence and Mortality, 2012). The strongest risk factor for breast cancer is age. A woman’s risk of developing breast cancer increases with age. Other risk factors for developing breast cancer include inherited changes...
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