Breast Cancer

Topics: Cancer, Breast cancer, Oncology Pages: 3 (532 words) Published: April 13, 2013
* One in eight women will be diagnosed with breast cancer in their lifetime. *
* Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in women.

* Each year it is estimated that over 220,000 women in the United States will be diagnosed with breast cancer and more than 40,000 will die.

* Although breast cancer in men is rare, an estimated 2,150 men will be diagnosed with breast cancer and approximately 410 will die each year. Breast Cancer is a malignant tumor that starts in the cells of the breast. A malignant tumor is a group of cancer cells that can grow into surrounding tissues of spread to distant areas of the body. The disease occurs almost entirely in women but men can also get breast cancer as well.

Cancer occurs as a result from mutation or changes that are abnormal. Genes are responsible for keeping growth of cells healthy. Healthy cells take over the old cells when they die out, but when having a mutation the genes can automatically “turn on and off” having the ability to change the cell and keep dividing without control and order which produces more cells just like it and forming a tumor.

The use of mammograms has increased in the numbers of found Breast Cancer this is used before symptoms.

There are also tests done on the body, Mammograms do not find every Breast Cancer.

The most common symptom in Breast Cancer is a lump or mass. The mass is painless but hard that has irregular edges is more likely to be cancerous but there is also tender, soft, and rounded masses. Sometimes they can also be painful.

Swelling of all parts of the breast (even if there is no lump)

Irritation of the skin or dimpling

Breast or nipple pain

Nipple retraction (turning inward)
Redness, scaliness, or thickening of the nipple or breast skin.

Nipple discharge (other than breast milk)

The stage describes the extent of the cancer in the body stage 4 being the worst. It is also based on if the cancer is...
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