Fireside Chats on WW2 edited by Kevin Gamboa
Breaking down the Japanese Code
Only six months after Japan attacked Pear Harbor, another battle took place in Midway. It was the Battle of Midway that involved the United States and Japan. Many people thought it was the turning point in World War II.
The battle started in June 4 1942 and ended June 7 1942. The Japanese had superiority in ship and aircraft. So, how did the United States able to defeat Japan if Japan was highly stronger? The United States were able to defeat Japan because they were able to break down the Japanese code. They were able to break down the code when Commander Joseph J. Rochefort and his team at Station Hypo were able to confirm that Midway as the target of the impending Japanese strike by having the base at Midway send a false message
Once the U.S found out they prepared for the assault by mobilizing 115 land-based aircraft as well as three aircraft carries to midway. On June 3 the U.S bombers began to strike Japans Carries force. Japan lost four carriers and hundreds of their aircraft. Thanks to the breaking of the code the U.S were able to pin point every move the Japanese made. Military Historian John Keegan called the battle “the most stunning and decisive blow in the history of the navel warfare.” The defeat of Japan signaled that the Unites States could defeat the Japanese empire. The Battle of Midway was important to the U.S because they destroyed the Japanese Imperial Navy and this gave the USA complete control of the Pacific Ocean.
The Allies Join Forces
It is official the Allies are joining together to invaded Normandy, France. On June 6, 1944 also known as D-Day was the beginning of the attacked of the allies on Germany. The main Allies of this invasion were the United States, Canada, and Britain. The Allies attacked by land but in two different ways; they attacked by airborne assault landing of 24,000 British, American, Canadian and other tactic was by Free France airborne troops. Did the Germans stand a chance? The Germans were surrounded, they could not use there forces to land in areas because the Allies used decoys operations to distract the German Forces. The attacks were lead by Supreme Commander of the Allies General Dwight Eisenhower and the Commander of ground forces General Bernard Montgomery. British Army Officer Frederick Margon said “It was the largest amphibious invasion in world history.” The battle lasted till mid July of 1944, more than 9,000 Allied soldiers were dead or wounded but in total 425,00 Allied and German troops were killed or wounded. Many German soldiers were capture and send to prison in the Unites States and used a labor slaves. The defeat of Germany put a “terrific strain’ on the Nazi war machines since they were killing many Jews and causing harm.
“United States Attacks Japan?”
The United States is back at war, two days ago on Fed 3, 1945 the Battle of Iwo Jima began. The United saw an opening on destroying the Japanese empire. The commander of Japan was General Tadamachi Kuribayashi and for the U.S was Franklin Delano Roosevelt. They knew that if they attack and destroy the Island of Iwo Jima the empire of Japan will be “destroy piece by piece.”
Japan was weak from it recent battles continuously fought on the defensive and their military industry. On the morning of Feb. 19, the attack began with 30,000 U.S. Marines and U.S. Navy ships and bombers that hit the island with wave after wave of artillery and heavy bombs to clear the way for the Marines to walk into the island. Also thanks to the Navajos talkers the United States were able to win the war because they transmitted singles from inside Iwo Jima to radios and the Japanese could not understand there language. So, how were the Japanese going to defend them self and fight...