Brazil with a background of Portuguese colonialism back in 1500 is the largest nation in Latin America, nearly half (47%) of the South American continent, comprises slightly under half of the land mass in South America continent and share border with every South American country except Chile and Ecuador. Brazil size is almost the size of United States excluding Alaska.
Brazil has 13 cities with over one million residents. The main capital is Brasilia, Brazil has 13 cities with over one million residents. Three important cities in Brazil including São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, and Salvador. Brazil is a diverse country with ethnic groups including: 54% European, 39% mixed European-African, 6% Africa, 1% other.
The physical environment in each region determined the types of crops grown or the resources extracted and this, in turn, influenced the populations that settled there and the social and economic systems that developed. Brazil's economic history, in fact, has been marked by a succession of cycles, each one based on the exploitation of a single export commodity: timber (brazilwood) in the first years of colonization; sugarcane in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries; precious metals (gold) and gems (diamonds) in the eighteenth century; and finally, coffee in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The Northeast Region has about 53.6 million people, which represents 28% of the total number in the whole country. Most of the population lives in the urban area, althourgh, about 15 million people lives in the sertão. Its famous in Brazil by its hot wheather, beautiful beaches, rich culture, the sertão and to be the birthplace of the country. The biggest cities are Salvador, Fortaleza and Recife, which are the regional metropolitan areas of the Nordeste, all with a population above a million inhabitants.
The Central-West Region is composed of the states of Goiás, Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul; along with...