Brazil

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The Population of Brazil

Dictionary.com defines a devloping country as a country that is poor and whose citizens are mostly agricultural workers but that wants to become more advanced socially and economically. Because the scope of this paper is to discuss the population of Brazil, I will simply state that “There is a wide gap between rich and poor, but the World Bank has praised the country for progress in reducing social and economic inequality.” (BBC News, 2012) Brazil is quickly becoming and economic power but it still has a very large poverty rate.

The Brazilian population has increased over 12% 190.73 million people from 2000 t0 2010. This was actually "lower than the 1990 to 2000 period, when Brazil's population increased 15 percent, said the census released by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE)." (Global Times.cn, 2010) Most of the population of Brazil live in Rio and Sao paulo, which is around 80.3 million people. The IBGE carried out a census in 2010 that found that the number of Brazilian women surpassed the number of men in 3.9 million, and the country now has a proportion of 95.9 men for every 100 women.

Over the past 50 years the fertility rate in Brazil has gone from an average six children per woman to an average of two three. In our discussion thread, we talked about alternatives to population control and i brought up the effects of empowering women on the fertility rate. The sudden shift in urbanization of the country in recent years has provided evidence that it is more expensive for larger families to sustain themselves. This has in turn produced a very large poverty rate.

The infant mortality rate is very low regardless of the poverty rate however. Since 1990, Brazil has been able to cut infant mortality rates by 73 percent. “Cutting the rate in 2011 to 16 deaths per thousand children under the age of five.” (brasil.gov.br, 2012) According to the Brazilian Ministry of Health, about R$ 3.3 billion (US$...
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