----------By Leiyong Li
In recent years, business people pay a lot attention on Asian countries because of its largest labor force, enormous market and the rapid economics development. International capital swarmed into these countries to chase the benefits resulted from low-cost labor and loose environment protection policies. It looks like that the South America, another emerging market with boundless potentials, has been ignored by people.
South America is composed of 12 countries: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela, and 3 dependencies: Falkland Islands (the United Kingdom), French Guiana (French), South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands (the United Kingdom). The total area is 17,840,000 square kilometers, about 3.5 percent of the total surface of the Earth. The total population of South America is 371,000,000, which is higher than that of the United States (www.south-america-travel.info). The total gross domestic production (GDP) of the 12 countries in South America is about USD 3.990 trillion in the year of 2010 (CIA World Factbook). The largest river (the Amazon River), the longest mountain range (the Andes), and the largest rainforest (the Amazon rainforest) in the world are all located in this amazing and charming continent.
Brazil, with the full name as the Federative Republic of Brazil, is the most important country in this region. It is the fifth largest country in the world with total area of 8,514,877 square kilometers, holding nearly half of whole South America. With the total population of 203,429,773, Brazil is the most populous country in South America and the fifth in the world. The total GDP of Brazil in 2010 was $ 2.172 trillion in purchasing power parity (PPP), which was about half of the total GDP of South America and was ranked ninth in the world. Boosted by the export of raw material and agricultural products, Brazil made a 7.5 percent growth in 2010. This demonstrates that it has successfully recovered from the 2008's financial crisis (CIA World Factbook).
Regional Information about South America
South America has a long history of culture and civilization, which can be even traced back to 6500 BCE. Before the arrival of European explorists, about 30 million people are estimated to live in this continent. They created resplendent human cultures and civilizations, such as Caral Supe Civilization, Norte, Chico, Chibchas, Amazon, Chavin, Moche, Inca etc. (www.south-america-travel.info).
Beginning from 1530s, South America became the colonies of European countries. The colonists claimed the land as own and exploited the local people and nature resources greedily. A lot of black people were trafficked to South America from Africa as slaves because they have developed immunity system to European diseases, while the local aboriginals have not. As the two greatest maritime powers in that era, Spain and Portugal became the main controller of South America (www.south-america-travel.info).
Influenced by the revolutions in French and America, the South American countries began to struggle for independence from the Spanish and Portuguese Colonists in the early nineteenth century. After twenty years war from 1806 to 1826, most South American countries declared independent (www. Mapsofworld.com).
During the Cold War in late twentieth century, South America became a battle field between the United States and the former Soviet Union. Many countries were ruled by military dictatorship. From 1980s, a democratization movement swept through the continent and normal civilian government has replaced most military dictatorship (www.south-america-travel.info).
In past decade years, the governments of South American countries have drifted to the left politics. Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil,...