Brave New World by Aldous Huxley: A Summary

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Brave New World essay
Imagine a world without wars, famine, old-age or diseases, where everybody is happy with what they have and where people don’t complain. Imagine this place, where people do not discriminate each other for their skin colour or because of their religion. This is the situation of the Brave New World, the people there are divided into ranks, from Alpha Plus to Epsilon. But they don’t care about the classes, their mentality is simple; without the other classes, life wouldn’t be possible. The classes each have their colour, jobs etcetera. The people are never unhappy or discontent. But not everything in this world is perfect; such as not having your own identity, or living in a world based on lies. So this perfect world isn’t as perfect as it looked like at first. The people that live there don’t know any better, it has been that for as long as they can remember. But for an outsider, such as John, it is really hard to live in such a world. He sees them as people who live their lives, only to end up dying. The people aren’t born naturally, they aren’t raised by parents or have an actual home. They don’t know the concept of love, freedom of choices, or grief. When they do feel miserable, or just unhappy they only take their soma and they enter a state of no-thinking, which they experience as happiness and recreation. Huxley deliberately chose to exchange universal joy and stability for the concepts of love, motherhood, freedom, family and so on. This would make us realise that every advantage has its disadvantage and the other way around. Also, he makes clear that there is no such thing as the perfect world. This essay will explain how each of the characters slowly expose the awfulness of the Brave New World.

First of all, Aldous Huxley introduces John the Savage to the reader. He actually uses John to show how the Brave New World is looked upon by an outsider. Like the reader, John thinks of the perfect world. But nothing can be more wrong, there is much more needed for an ideal world, and this is exactly what John and the reader gradually find out later. The Savage has been biased by his mother, Linda, who has told him his entire life about a perfect world. And so he thinks of this world as ideal, in the meanwhile he has read Shakespeare. During that, he also makes up his perfect world; a world filled with love and passion. He has never known such world, not in the Reservation, not in the cave with his mother or in the Brave New World. He feels alone, since he feels like he has no place where he belongs. Because of this the reader can familiarize with him, as sometimes we all wish to find a place where we would be wanted and we also feel sad for him. When he meets Lenina, he falls in love for the first time in his life. At first it looks like Lenina loves him too, but then it becomes clear she loves him her way, the way of the Brave New World, the way in which you only love for sex. Later, as his mother dies of soma, John gets furious. He had to watch his mother gradually slip away and eventually die, only of the soma and her addiction. This also shows the reader how addictive and awful it must be to live with and without soma. In the end he sees society as a world where drugs have taken the place of happiness and sadness. A world in where there is no war, but also no room for hope or love. A world without individuality or freedom.

In addition Huxley introduces another character with a similar dislike for the Brave New World. Instead of only using John to show the awfulness of the Brave New World, Huxley added Bernard Marx. Huxley introduces him as a bitter man, a misfit. With Bernard in the story the reader can see the Brave New World through the eyes of someone who already lives in the Brave New World but has different ideas. Huxley then can illustrate how misfits, such as Bernard, perceive society. Before Bernard has met the Savage the reader knows how Bernard feels, through his actions,...
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