Two of the major themes in Huxley’s novel are the use of technology to control society and the dangers of an all powerful state. The first one of these two is evidently supported by the symbol soma. Soma, one of the most significant symbols in ‘Brave New World’ is a drug created and distributed in massive quantities thanks to technological advances. As a large quantity is ‘available in the market’ due to technological instruments which make this possible, the state is able to provide its citizens with sufficient drug doses. While the citizens of ‘the world state’ are drugged they become easier to govern as soma provides a mindless "happiness" or an empty escapism which makes people comfortable with their lack of freedom. The drug also heightens suggestibility, leaving its users vulnerable to government propaganda. "The warm, the richly coloured, the infinitely
friendly world of soma-holiday. How kind,
how good-looking, how delightfully amusing
everyone was! "
As all their citizens become addicted to this substance, they become dependent on the state because they are the only ones who are allowed to control the drug distribution. In fact, they are the only ones allowed to control anything and everything that goes on in the world...