Brave New World

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Carol Liao(LISYC91)

Loss of Free Will and Personality in Brave New World The novel Brave New World written by Aldous Huxley is like no other in fantasy

or satire. It predicts a future overpowered by technology where the people have no

religion. With advanced technology and the genetic engineering, people live

flourishing, material lives in their society. This is a society with no love,

starvation ,disease, coldness, wars, crimes, and artistic creativity .As the World State’s

motto declares: “community, identity, stability.” (Huxley,1). Thinking will threaten the

stability of the society since people are more difficult to control when they think for

themselves. This essay will talk about how the government control the society to

make it stable. This essay will also show that because the government use different

kinds of inhuman methods to control the society, people lost their free will and

personality. In the brave new world, Huxley wants to against this thesis, in the world

state, government use different kinds of method to control the society, actually what is

called a brave new world is a terrible and inhuman society and it destroys people’s

free will.

For a start, government use the Genetic Engineering and Bokanovsky Process to

control the society. The Director of Genetic Engineering and Bokanouvsky Process

explains that this Utopia breeds people to order, artificially fertilizing a mother's eggs

to create babies that grow in bottles. They are not born, but decanted. Everyone

belongs to one of five classes through the Caste System, from the Alphas, the most

intelligent, to the Epsilons, morons bred to do the dirty jobs that nobody else wants to do. Different level’s people have different kinds of job. They do whatever the

government tell them to do. The lower the cast, the shorter the oxygen. (Huxley, p.13)

It seems unfair that even before you are born, your future is already written out for

you. People have no way to change their levels no matter how they try their best. The

lower classes are multiplied by a budding process that can create up to 96 identical

clones and produce over 15,000 brothers and sisters from a single ovary. All the

babies are conditioned, physically and chemically in the bottle, and psychologically

after birth, to make them happy citizens of the society with both a liking and an

aptitude for the work they will do. In this kind of society, science exploited to create

stability and happiness, not to advance knowledge or to apprehend truth. Because of

the Genetic Engineering and Bokanovsky Process, state destroys institutions like

family and marriage in the name of stability, people have no parents, brothers, or

sisters. Because they have no family, they have no ideas about what is love. And also

with such a huge amount of identical humans, the identity is abolished. People have

no personality, they have no ideas what they are good at. Everyone is the same, and

no one is unique. Huxley's purpose in Brave New World is to warn us the dangers of


One psychological conditioning technique is Hypnopeadia, or teaching people

while they are sleeping not teaching facts or analysis, but planting suggestions that

will make people behave in certain ways. However for them there is no need for

education because they do not need power. Power will not get them any farther in life

then what is already written out for them. The only kind of books in Brave New

World accessible to the public are reference books. Books with opinions and emotions

are non-existing. This discretion is needed because those types of books could

challenge the hypnopaedia propaganda served to the people. The hypnopaedia was

given for a reason, it is the tool used to stabilize the society. If stability is threatened...
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