Brain and Behavior

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PsychSim 5: Brain and Behavior21


Name: _____________________________________Section: ________________________


In this activity you will take a tour of the human brain and explore the major brain regions to discover the functions of each region or area.

Functional Specialization
• In terms of brain function, what is functional specialization?

Functional specialization, each function or capability of the nervous system is controlled by a specific cluster of neurons in a specific area of the brain.

• Why is the principle of complex communication important to understand? It is important to understand the principle of complex communication because each neural network or function area is interconnected with and influenced by other networks in other regions of the brain.

Test Yourself on Lower Brain Structures
Match each brain part with its function:

o_C__ Pituitary glandA. Located above the midbrain at the top of the brainstem; routes incoming messages from all the senses (except smell)
to the appropriate brain areas for processing
o_F__ MedullaB. Part of the limbic system; regulates hunger, thirst, and body temperature and contains the so-called pleasure centers of the brain
o__J_ PonsC. The master gland of the endocrine system
o_E__ Reticular formationD. Located in the brainstem; controls breathing and heartbeat o__D_ CerebellumE. A nerve network that runs up the center of the brainstem; plays an important role in controlling alertness and attention o_I__ MidbrainF. Located at the back of the brainstem; assists in balance and the coordination of voluntary movement

o_A__ ThalamusG. Part of the limbic system; is involved in learning and in forming new memories
o_G__ HippocampusH. Part of the limbic system; is involved in regulation of the emotions of fear and rage
o_H__ AmygdalaI. Located near the top of the brainstem; integrates specific types of information...
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