Boxer Research Paper

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Noble, self-assured, fearless, the Boxer stands out as one of the most impressive of all breeds (Hannibal 7). But he has something else in his favor. The Boxer is lovable, friendly, and playful; in fact, he is a true clown at heart (Hannibal 7). These two sets of characteristics, which, at first glance, seem diametrically opposed to each other, sum up the true charm of the breed (Hannibal 7). The Boxer will be your loyal protector, but he will also be your family friend (Hannibal 7). The Boxer is also playful, exuberant, inquisitive, attentive, devoted, demonstrative, and outgoing; it is a perfect companion for an active family (Coile 117). The AKC or American Kennel Club recognized the breed soon after, but only in the 1940’s did the breed begin its steady rise to the top of the popularity charts, eventually peaking as the 4th most popular breed in America (Coile 117). It all started in the Munich area of southern Germany in the closing years of the 19th century (Hannibal 7). The Boxer descends from the Brabanter Bullenbeisser, an ancient hunting and bull-baiting dog originating in the Belgian town of Brabant during the Middle Ages (Gallagher 1). The Boxer derives from two central European breeds of dog that no longer exist: the larger Danziger Bullenbeiser and smaller Brabanter Bullenbeiser (Coile 116). Bullenbeiser means Bull-Biter, and these dogs were used to chase large game through the forest, hanging onto it until the hunter arrived to kill it (Coile 116). This required a strong but agile dog to breathe while its jaws were clamped onto an animal (Coile 116). Around the 1830’s, German hunters began a concerted effort to create a new breed, crossing their Bullenbeisser with Mastiff type dogs for size, Terriers for tenacity, and finally, Bulldogs (Coile 116). The result was a tough agile dog with a stream-lined body and strong grip (Coile 116). When Bull-Baiting was outlawed, the dogs were mostly used as butcher dogs in Germany, controlling cattle in slaughter yards (Coile 116). By 1895, an entirely new breed, The Boxer, had been established (Coile 116). The birthday of the first Boxer is February 26th, 1895-the true starting point of a breed that has become a worldwide favorite (Hannibal 8). The litter sired by Tom, the Bulldog, produced a dark brindle dog called Flocki (Hannibal 8). The first officially registered Boxer of 1895 actually looked different from the modern-day Boxer (Gallagher 7). Today’s Boxer is a medium-sized dog, with males standing 23 to 25 inches tall and weighing 65 to 70 pounds (Gallagher 7). Females are usually 21 to 23 inches tall and weighing 55 to 60 pounds (Gallagher 7). They have wide heads, thick upper lips, and drop ears (Mehus-Roe 75). Sometimes their ears are cropped so they stand erect (Mehus-Roe 75). Their tails are usually docked, meaning they are shortened (Mehus-Roe 75-76). They have short coats that are fawn or brindle colored with black masks (Mehus-Roe 76). The breed is characterized by its brachycephalic head, a very short, broad head with an undershot bite (Gallagher 7). Brachycephalic dogs have a harder time regulating body temperature and are susceptible to hypothermia and heat-stroke (Gallagher 7). Boxers are always one of two colors: fawn or brindle (Gallagher 7). Fawn colors range in shades from pale tan to deep deer red, the deeper shades are more desirable (Gallagher 7). Brindle refers to a fawn background overlaid with varying black strips (Gallagher 7). Abundant black striping that obscures the fawn background gives the impression of a reverse brindle (Gallagher 7-8). An all-white Boxer is really a Fawn or brindle with very extensive white markings covering most of or the entire coat (Gallagher 8). These dogs are called flashy fawns or flashy brindles have one cop[y of this gene, while ultra-flashy Boxers have two (Gallagher 8). A gene for deafness can also be present in white Boxers, which is why breeders will not breed them (Gallagher 8). In fact, the ACK or...
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