Dr. Nora Benjamin
June 23, 2010
Bottle-feeding vs. Breast-feeding
A debate has been going on for decades concerning the benefits of bottle-feeding vs. breast-feeding. Numerous research studies have been conducted and the results have varied. There are pro’s and con’s for each category. I will state the positive and negative aspects for each side, and I will discuss the effects of breast and bottle-feeding on the physical, cognitive, and socioeconomical aspects of development.
Breast feeding is the recommended way to get nourishment into your baby. “However, it is important to understand that, after several decades of extensive research in many countries, experts agree that, for most infants, breastfeeding is substantially superior nutritionally, to bottle feeding(Taveras et al, 2004)(textbook). Breast milk contributes to more rapid size and weight gain. “There has been extensive research documenting the importance of breastfeeding for mother, child, families, and society. It has been clearly demonstrated that breastfeeding impacts multiple aspects of maternal and child health in the short-term and the long-term. Based on this research the surgeon of the United States and the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) strongly recommend breastfeeding. However, U.S., breastfeeding rates lag significantly behind those found in other nations, including industrialized Western nations”. These are a few of the physical aspects of breastfeeding. “Within the U.S., there exist great disparities in breastfeeding rates based on such factors as maternal education, age, marital-status, socioeconomic status, race, and ethnicity (Ryan, Wejun, & Acosta) (Journal)”.
Decreased incidence and severity of diarrhea, lower respiratory infections, ear infections, bacterial meningitis, protection from sudden infant syndrome, childhood cancers, insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, crhon’s disease, ulcerative colitis, allergies, and other chronic...