The Faith Sultan Mehmet suspension bridge is the second suspension bridge between Asia and Europe in Istanbul, Turkey. It is a bridge which is spanning the Bosphorus strait. It is called also Second Bosphorus Bridge. The bridge is named after Ottoman Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror, who opened Constantinople in 1453 and ended the Byzantine Empire. The bridge is situated between Hisarüstü (European side) and Kavacık (Asian side). It is on the Trans-European Motorway between Edirne and Ankara.
It was designed by Freeman Fox & Partners and BOTEK Bosphorus Technical Consulting Corp., who had previously also designed the Bosphorus Bridge. It began to be constructed in 1985 and it was opened in July, 1988 by Prime Minister Turgut Özal. The total cost of constructing the bridge reached USD (United States dollar) 130 million. This bridge is a toll bridge, but payment is required from only the vehicles passing from Europe to Asia. Since April 2008, cash payments are no longer accepted, having been replaced by a remote payment system. Open road tolling (ORT) or free-flow tolling is an electronic toll collection without using toll booths which helps in making the vehicles move normally without slowing down to pay the toll.
The owner of the bridge is the Ministry of Public Works and Settlement, Turkey. The contractors who constructed the bridge were: Impregilo S.p.A., Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd., Nippon Kokan and STFA Group. While the subcontractor was: “ANKER-SCHROEDER.DE ASDO GmbH”. Cable steel supplier was “Bridon International”.
The Faith Sultan Mehmet suspension bridge is a gravity-anchored suspension bridge with steel pylons and vertical hangers. The whole length of the bridge is 1510 m. The distance between its two carrier towers (the longest span) is 1090 m while the remaining spans are 210 m from each side. The height of the towers over road level is...