Book to Study English for Chemistry

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UNIVERZITA PAVLA JOZEFA ŠAFÁRIKA V KOŠICIACH Filozofická fakulta KATEDRA ANGLISTIKY A AMERIKANISTIKY

Autor: Mgr. Božena Velebná Názov: English for Chemists Rozsah strán: 77 Elektronický vysokoškolský učebný text pre Filozofickú fakultu UPJŠ v Košiciach. Za odbornú a jazykovú stránku tohoto vysokoškolského učebného textu zodpovedá autor. Rukopis neprešiel redakčnou ani jazykovou úpravou.

Vydavateľ: Umiestnenie: Dostupné od:

Univerzita Pavla Jozefa Šafárika v Košiciach http://www.upjs.sk/public/media/3499/English-for-Chemists.pdf 20. 2. 2009

ISBN:

978-80-7097-732-3

Poďakovanie
RNDr. Samuelovi Velebnému, CSc., za pomoc a nákazlivé nadšenie pre chémiu.

2

CONTENTS Introduction Unit 1 SCIENCE
What is Science? Branches of Science Word Formation

5 6

Unit 2 CHEMISTRY
What is Chemistry? Plural in English Latin and Greek Plural Fundamental Concepts of Chemistry

13

Unit 3 LABORATORY
Laboratory Equipment Countable and Uncountable Nouns Alchemy

19

Unit 4 PERIODIC TABLE
Periodic Table Consist, Contain, Include Chemical Elements British v. American English

27

Unit 5 MATTER
States of Matter Revision of Tenses Passive Voice

33

Unit 6 INORGANIC CHEMISTRY
Types of Inorganic Chemical Reactions Inorganic Nomenclature Phrasal Verbs

40

3

Unit 7 ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
10 Carbon Facts Comparison of Adjectives Organic Nomenclature Word Order

47

Unit 8 ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY
Environmental Chemistry Green Chemistry Twelve Principles of Green Chemistry Hazard Symbols Relative Pronouns

54

Unit 9 ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY
Titration Mathematical Operations Flame Tests Articles

61

Unit 10 EVERYDAY CHEMISTRY
Everyday Chemistry Modal Verbs Abstract

69

Bibliography

76

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INTRODUCTION
The following material has been created during the two years of teaching English for Chemists at the Faculty of Science of the Pavol Jozef Šafárik University and is therefore designed to meet the needs of this course. The main motivation was the lack of appropriate materials, especially as the groups generally comprise students with a very diverse level of English. This diversity therefore became the main criterion determining both the form and the content of this text. In the ten units that provide material for a one semester course, the emphasis is put on teaching the students vocabulary and terminology, which is introduced via authentic texts, depending on the topic of each unit. Students are encouraged to learn the meaning of new words in context. Grammar is included too, with the aim of demonstrating and explaining grammatical rules by means of examples taken directly from the texts. For the more advanced students, grammatical exercises in this material can serve for revision while the beginners might need more supplementary materials. I hope that this material, the preparation of which has been a challenging as well as enjoyable experience will be useful for future teachers and the students of this course.

Author

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Unit 1

SCIENCE
• What is Science? • Branches of Science • Word Formation What is Science? 1. What do the following words mean? Match them with their definitions science a science scientific scientist – the study of the nature and behaviour of natural things and the knowledge obtained about them – a particular area of scientific knowledge and study, or the study of an area of a human behaviour – describes things that relate to science – someone who works in science 2. What is the difference between ‘science’ and ‘a science’?

Branches of Science
1. Which branches of science study each of these areas? environment human mind and behaviour language numbers, quantities and shapes people, society and culture substances and their reactions weather political systems living things matter and forces money, industry and trade celestial objects water rocks and soil society and social behaviour

2. What is the difference between economy and economics?

6...
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