Book Review : Every Body Loves a Good Drought

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Book Review - Everybody loves a good drought

Submitted by Group - 1
Satyajit Mohanty (130)
Firdos Solanki
Parijat Yadav
Sudhish K.M.
Vigneshwar M

Table of Contents
STILL CRAZY AFTER ALL THESE YEARS2
TRICKLE UP AND DOWN THEORY2
Existing Scenario and analysis related to above issues3
The way ahead for India4
THIS IS THE WAY WE GO TO SCHOOL5
Indian education system in 20115
AND THE MEEK SHALL INHERIT THE EARTH6
The Price of Development6
BEYOND THE MARGIN6
Case Study: Dangs, Gujarat7

This book is based on a series of reports that the author had filed for Times of India from some of the country’s poorest districts. Although the author has addressed a variety of issues faced by the people living in the lowest rung of the society, we would be focusing mainly on four issues faced by the rural India: * Health in rural India

* Education in rural India
* Problems of forced displacement
* Survival strategies of the poor

STILL CRAZY AFTER ALL THESE YEARS

Chapter 1 brings up the issue of failure of various developmental schemes and programmes of the government. Over the years, the government has come up with various schemes and programmes to promote growth and alleviate poverty from the country. These schemes can be classified into 3 types; (i) schemes to promote self-employment

(ii) creating new work opportunities for wage labour
(iii) Schemes focusing on backward areas, arid areas, hilly regions, etc., of the country. In addition, there are also programmes for providing basic infrastructures for better quality of life in rural areas, such as rural housing, and programmes for social security of the poor and destitute, such as old age pensions. Some of these programmes include IRDP, SGSY, JRY, EAS, and IAY etc. Although these schemes have been reasonably successful and were instrumental in decline in rural poverty and acceleration of economic growth, they all had some major flaws * These programmes were not reaching their target groups effectively due to improper identification of beneficiaries * Lack of transparency & credible monitoring of the effectiveness of these programmes * Poor capacity among panchayats and district administrations to absorb the funds and produce quality results * Corruption

* Lack of political and administrative will at the state level to spend the Central govt fund

TRICKLE UP AND DOWN THEORY

The author criticizes the governments’ policy of taking the benefits from the poor and providing it to the rich in the form of tax benefits and subsidies. Lack of proper medical facilities made the people turn towards the quacks in Barhamani, Palamau (Bihar). He points towards the Nupada and Malkangiri villages where there was huge number of deaths as funds had not been allocated for anti-malarial for past 3 or 4 years. The author talks is in favour of governments’ initiative in empowering the Dissaris in Malkangiri, Orissa but feels that such steps have to be taken with great caution and has to be made sustainable in the longer run. Existing Scenario and analysis related to above issues

As argued by the author the primary reason for the dismal state of healthcare in India is because of the meagre healthcare expenditure by the government. It constituted only 3.8% of total spending as of 2007. As a result, the private out of hand expenditure increases as indicated below.

The people who are highly affected are the poor since health forms an unavoidable expense burden on them. A study shows that a humungous 73.9 million people came under the poverty line after having met their healthcare expenditure. This augurs for an increased government scrutiny into the nature of the expenses it makes. That brings us to the question, why is governments’ role so important?? The following are the reasons

The way ahead for India
We can take inspiration from the Assam government which has implemented, The Assam Public...
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