A History Of The World In 6 Glasses
1. The consequences of agricultural revolution was a turning point. Civilizations began focusing on making surpluses rather than producing new food and crafts. They became more modern. (pg.20)
2. The archaeological evidence that supports the cultivation, harvesting, storage and processing of cereal grains is since there weren't any other foodstuff to makes soup they were able to make a thick porridge or a thin broth or gruel. This discovery led to the creation of tools and techniques to collect, process, and store grain. (pg.11-12)
3. The result of farming led to food surplus, The result was the first permanent settlements such as those established on the eastern coast of the mediterranean from around 10,000 BCE. They consisted of simple round huts with roofs supported by wooden posts and floors sunk up to a yard into the ground. (pg.13-14)
4. There was never a particular reason for the switch to farming. There are theories, perhaps the amount of food available to hunter-gatherers in the fertile crescent diminished, for example, either because of climatic changes, or because some species died out or were hunted to extinction. Another possibility is that sedentary lifestyle increased human fertility, leading the population to grow. Or perhaps, once beer was discovered, and its consumption had become socially and ritually important.
5. The storehouses were definitely communal due to the fact that they were larger than any single family would need. Keeping surpluses of food was back up for any future food shortages; ritual and religious in which the gods were called upon to ensure good harvest.(pg.22-23)
6. The discovery of beer led people to settle in one place and farm. They were able to make new discoveries out of beer like porridge ect. It led to many cultural traditions as well. Some people believed beer was a gift from the gods. For example the egyptians believed beer was accidentally discovered by Osiris.
1. The two rivers of Mesopatamia are the Tigris and Euphrates. They roughly correspond to modern Iraq.(pg.24) 2. The grain surplus was important to the civilization because it was a diet in two civilizations. It consumed in both solid and liquid forms. It also freed administrators and craftsmen from the need to produce their own food.(pg.26)
3. Grain was the basis of the national diet in both Egypt and Mesopotamia. It was a sort of edible money, and it was consumed in both solid and liquid forms.(pg.26)
4. Drinking was seen as playful and humorous, beer made them human. Beer was also important in culture, it was a god-given drink that underpinned their existence. A meal without beer was incomplete. 5. Beer played a major role from birth to death to Egyptians and Mesopotamians. It led to many discoveries from writing to farming, Its myths from culture were passed down from generation to generation. It led to the emergence of complex societies.Its popularity followed from the surplus of beer.
1. Vines were being cultivated and grapevines were were grown alongside olives,wheat, and barely which led the possibility of producing wine.
2.Wine became an important drink in the Zagros Mountains. It soon spread west to Greece and Anatolia.
3.The Greeks were on a higher level of thinking and learning. They laid the foundations for modern western politics, philosophy, science, and law.
4. The Greeks judged how cultured a person was at a symposion, they would try in outdo each other in wit and poetry. Greeks were very civilized.
5. The importance of a symposion was it allowed people to celebrate and be playful but have adversarial discussions.
1. The Romans adopted the Greek culture by borrowing their gods and myths. They modified an alphabet based on...