Job is a wealthy man that lives in a town by the name of Uz with his large family and his herds of animals. He is careful to be upright and to always be careful to avoid doing evil. One day, Satan also known as “The Adversary” appears before God in heaven and exclaims to Satan about Job’s goodness, but Satan is quick to argues that Job is only good because God has blessed him abundantly. Satan then sets a challenge to God that if given permission to punish the Job, Job will turn and curse God. God willing, gives Satan permission to punish Job to test his claim, but doesn’t allow Satan to kill Job in the process.
In the course of one day, Job receives four separate messages, each containing separate news that his livestock, servants, and ten children have all died due to marauders or natural disasters. Job is not disheartened by the news but he tears his clothes and shaves his head in mourning, yet he still blesses God in his prayers. Satan appears in heaven again, and God grants him permission to test Job a second time. This time Job is afflicted with horrible skin sores; it’s this time when his wife encourages him to curse God and to give up and die, but Job refuses, struggling to accept his misfortune he is dealt.
Eliphaz, Bildad, and Zophar, three of Job’s friends come to visit, sitting with him in silence for seven days out of respect for his mourning. On the seventh day, Job speaks to them, beginning in a conversation in which each of the four men shares his thoughts on Job’s afflictions in long, poetic statements.
Job curses the day he was born, comparing life and death to light and darkness. He wishes that his birth had been shrouded in darkness and longs to have never been born, feeling that light, or life, only intensifies the misery. Eliphaz responds that Job, who has comforted other people, now shows that he never really understood their pain. Eliphaz believes that Job’s agony must be due to some sin Job has committed, and...