March 14, 2012
Bone Marrow Donation
A few weeks ago a woman came to the University of Central Arkansas on a search for a bone marrow donor match. This woman was on the search for a bone marrow match for her friend who has only a few months to live. Her friend just gave birth to a newborn baby and if she does not receive this bone marrow transplant she will leave her baby on this Earth without a mother.
Bone marrow is a fatty tissue inside the bone. Inside this fatty tissue there are stem cells “parental cells” that give rise to blood cells. The blood cells are leukocytes and erythrocytes, which carry oxygen to and remove waste products from organs and tissues; and platelets, which enable the blood to clot (“bone marrow”). A bone marrow transplant replaces the bone marrow that is either not working properly or has been destroyed by chemotherapy or radiation. A bone marrow transplant enables physicians to treat those diseases with aggressive chemotherapy and radiation, or both, by allowing them replacement of the diseased or damaged bone marrow after the chemotherapy/radiation treatment (Columbia Presbyterian Medical Center). Patients with leukemia, lymphoma, and myeloma are recommended a bone marrow transplant. The following diseases affect the production of bone marrow cells; sickle cell anemia, aplastic anemia, thalassemia, congenital nuertopenia, and severe immunodeficiency syndromes, the stem cells in the bone marrow don’t work function properly (“bone marrow”). The large production of defective or immature cells is called leukemia. The production of an excessive low blood cell counts is called aplastic anemia. These immature or defective blood cells cease the production of normal blood cell, and cause them form in the bloodstream and infect other tissues (“Bone Marrow Transplant”).
The prognosis of the bone marrow transplant depends on some crucial factors such as the following the type of bone marrow...