Bolivia presents a wide range of cultural, natural and ethnical diversity. Along these wonderful and positive factors, the country also presents severe levels of political, economic and social instability which makes it one of the poorest and most undeveloped countries in the world. The conflictive contrasts between different social groups have made the Bolivian legal system change throughout time. The most recent and dramatic shift in the Bolivian legal system, was the adoption of a completely new constitution in the year 2009, during the government of Evo Morales Ayma (Nogales 2009). A clear fact that demonstrates shifts in the legal system is that this newly approved constitution is the seventeenth constitutional document in Bolivia's republican life. The objective of this essay is to provide a short historical overview of the Bolivian legal system, give a brief description of the newly adopted constitution, the categories of its laws, the role of the main actors in such legal system and its main sources of law. Moreover a brief sketch of the court structure that is present in the country of relevance will also be discussed.
During the 15th century, many European countries colonized the regions of North America, South America, Africa and Asia. European colonial expansion was the main determinant for the widespread of the Civil Law Tradition, as colonizing countries enforced their own legal tradition in their colonies.The origins of Bolivian law are based on the Napoleonic Code which was adopted by Spain and many other European countries. Although the Napoleonic Code is French, Robert Holtman states that the Napoleonic code is a document that has influenced the entire world such as it influenced Spain and Bolivia subsequently(...).The Napoleonic Code was inspired on Emperor Justinian's Masterpiece, Corpus Juris Civilis, the codification of Roman Law, although they present many important differences. By these facts, we can confirm...
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