Body Image and Selfesteem

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ACL (Australian College of English) Sydney - Australia

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Research report by: LINA JIMENEZ RINCON

Teachers: Susan

Renne

BODY IMAGE AND SELF-ESTEEM

INDEX

Abstract…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….4

Introduction………………..……………………………………………………………………………………………5

Methodology…………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 7

Results………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………8

Discussion……………………………………………………………………………………………………………….14

Reference list………………………………………………………………………………………………………….17

Appendix…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………18

ABSTRACT

This study explored the hypothesis that, because of the media influence in females and males overseas students, female are significantly less satisfied with their body image than male overseas students, there fore is probable for females to have lower self – esteem than males.

The current research was accomplished thanks to 40 overseas students from ACL. Initially the students answered a questionnaire in their own classroom; secondly the survey was collected and analysed where it was found interesting results.

According to the results, females are less influenced by media than males, although both genders generally agreed that media has a real influence in their body perception, especially magazine on females and television and magazine on males. Females are normally more dissatisfied with their body image and as a consequence are more likely to have lower self-esteem.

This study supports the assumption that females are more dissatisfied with their body and this fact affects their self-confidence and this body perception is influenced by television, movies, films, advertising, magazine, and Internet.

INTRODUCTION

Females and Males are strongly affected by the environment. For instance, body temperature, appetite, thoughts, mental health or even mood, may vary depending of specific conditions; these circumstances can affect in a positive or negative way. According to this, all the information stored in human brain is what a person has seen, read, hear or learn once. Undoubtedly society have had an evolution over the years, therefore media communications such as television, magazine, Internet, advertising and movies have had become more aggressive in order to attract more people every year. The current research considers the various ways of media effectiveness in overseas students.

Self - esteem and Body image, always have been an issue for women and men, especially for younger but in some cultures more than in others. The American standard beauty for instance, considers that, thinness and tallness in highly acceptable while obesity and overweight not; according to the previous research done by Molloy and Herzberger (1998). This leads girls or boys to go on diet do exercise and in some cases, extreme makeover such as surgery, which is very common and regularly acceptable in Latin – American and American cultures. Other research has shown that, people who regularly are satisfied with their body image are more likely to have better self – esteem (McMulin and Cairney, 2004). Media frequently reinforces the ideal figure, specifically with the dominance of ultra – thin models and beauty industry (Snooks and Hall, 2002).

Others studies have focused in eating disorders as a consequence of body image and self – esteem dissatisfaction mainly in females thought, few consider males. Some others have found that stereotypes of beauty depend of the region of the word. No studies before have analysed male and female overseas students living in Australia.

This study aim to prove if the media really make and influence in female and male overseas students from ACL (Australian Centre of Languages) in their body perception and self - esteem. The hypothesis of this research is that, because of the media influence Female overseas students are considerably less satisfied with their body image than male overseas...
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