Bob Marley Biography

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  • Topic: Bob Marley, Peter Tosh, The Wailers
  • Pages : 6 (2296 words )
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  • Published : June 10, 2008
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Bob Marley is without a doubt the greatest musician a third world country ever produced. Through Rastafarian ideas, he influenced many others with songs that touched the lives of millions with his constant message of unity. His wisdom through experience helped him achieve a grand distinction over other artists. Marley was a great ambassador to the world preaching unity and justice for all. He wanted everyone to get along without violence. Not many people can measure the importance of Bob Marley to his people of Jamaica. He gave them an identity and a way to express. Bob Marley was a great man who was not only idolized by his country but by others who wanted to achieve freedom as well. His goal was to create peace with his talent of music. Throughout his music Marley ultimately changed the way we look at life as we know it. In 1944, British Captain Norval Marley married Cedalla Booker, an extremely young Jamaican girl. On February 6, 1945 at 2:30am she gave birth to a Robert Nesta Marley in the small village of Nine Miles, Jamaican. Soon after Bob’s birth, his father was recalled and returned to England. Still he financially supported his son and occasionally returned to visit him. Around his 10th birthday his father died of a heart attack.

Through the years Bob suffered racial prejudice because of his mixed races of black and white. Although he questioned his own racial identity often, he never settled for one side. “I don't have prejudice against myself. My father was a white and my mother was black. Them call me half-caste or whatever. Me don't dip on nobody's side. Me don't dip on the black man's side nor the white man's side. Me dip on God's side, the one who create me and cause me to come from black and white.” ~Bob Marley In the late fifties the scarcity of jobs forced Bob and his mother from their home to seek employment in the big city of Trenchtown. Trenchtown got its name because it was built over a huge trench which was used to drain the sewage. In Trenchtown Bob was bullied and taunted for his racial mix, which forced him into taking self defense classes. He then gained a reputation for his physical strength, which earned him the nickname "Tuff Gong". Bob spent a lot of his time in Trenchtown with his friend Neville Livingstone or as people called him, Bunny. Bob was also exposed to the music he had loved in the big city, like Fats Domino and Ray Charles. Bob and Bunny attended a music class together which was held by Joe Higgs a famous Jamaican singer. There they met Peter Macintosh and soon became great friends. In their spare time Bob, Bunny and Peter would sit around writing and singing songs. During this time Jamaican music was evolving and was becoming very popular all through the Caribbean. Music too many young Jamaicans was an escape from the harshness of everyday life. One of those young Jamaicans was Jimmy Cliff who had already recorded a couple good hits at the age of 14. Jimmy introduced Bob to Leslie Kong, who was local record producer. That day he found himself recording his first song “Judge Not” and later “One more Cup of Coffee”. But neither of these singles did very well and Bob left Kong soon after she failed to pay him. In 1963 Bob, Bunny, Peter McIntosh, Junior Braithwaite, Beverley Kelso, and Cherry Smith form a group called “The Teenagers”. Later they changed the name to “The Wailing Rudeboys” and then again to “The Wailing Wailers”. By now they were discovered by Coxsone Dodd and changed the name again to “The Wailers”. It was with Dodd where the Wailers recorded their first song “Simmer Down” which did very well in Jamaica. The Wailers consisting now of Bob, Peter Tosh and Bunny were starting to become really popular within Trenchtown. They recorded several more songs with Dobbs label which included “It Hurts to be Alone” and “Rule the Roadie”. Their audiences grew rapidly and Bob eventually became the leader, since he was already the main songwriter and lead singer. On February 10,...
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