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Recent examples of cyber crime & eCommerce fraud related investigations in India

Cyber Crime statistics in India * taken from National Crime Records Bureau website Incidence Of Cases Registered Under Cyber Crimes
IT Act Year India 2005 179 2006 142 2007 217 2005 302 IPC 2006 311 2007 339

Person Arrested Under IT Act By Age Group During 2007 (2006) Age Group IT India 2 60 IPC 1 IT 154 Total IPC 429

Cyber Crime statistics in India * taken from National Crime Records Bureau website Incidence Of Cases Registered And Number Of Persons Arrested Under Cyber Crimes IT Act during 2007 - All-India S.No. A 1 2 2a 2b 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 66(1) 66(2) 67 68 69 70 71 73 74 72 TOTAL of A Section Crime Head Cases registered Persons Arrested

Offences under IT Act 65 Tampering with computer source documents Hacking computer systems Loss/damage to computer resource/utility Hacking Obscene publication/transmission in electronic form Failure of compliance/orders of Certifying Authority Failure to assist to decoy the information in interception by Govt. Agency Unauthorized access/attempt to access protected Computer System Obtaining license or Digital Signatures my misrepresentation/suppression of facts Publishing false digital signature certificate Fraud Digital Signature Breach of Confidentiality 30 46 99 2 2 4 11 0 3 9 217 25 23 86 1 0 0 11 0 3 3 154 11 2

Cyber Crime statistics in India * taken from National Crime Records Bureau website Incidence Of Cases Registered And Number Of Persons Arrested Under Cyber Crimes IPC during 2007 - All-India S.No. B 1 2 3 Section Offences under IPC 193 204, 477 463,465,466,468,469, 471,474,476,477A 405, 406, 408, 409 False electronic evidence Destruction of electronic evidence Forgery 0 0 217 0 0 264 Crime Head Cases registered Persons Arrested

4

Criminal Breach of Trust

73

85

5 6

489 489A to 489E

Tampering Counterfeiting currency/stamps/property/marks

5 44

8 72

TOTAL OF B

339

429

GRAND TOTAL (A+B)

556

583

Cyberstalking
Facts: One Mrs. Ritu Kohli complained to the police against the a person who was using her identity to chat over the Internet at the website www.mirc.com, mostly in the Delhi channel for four consecutive days. Mrs. Kohli further complained that the person was chatting on the Net, using her name and giving her address and was talking obscene language. The same person was also deliberately giving her telephone number to other chatters encouraging them to call Ritu Kohli at odd hours. Consequently, Mrs Kohli received almost 40 calls in three days mostly at odd hours from as far away as Kuwait, Cochin, Bombay and Ahmedabad. The said calls created havoc in the personal life and mental peace of Ritu Kohli who decided to report the matter. Investigation: By Delhi Police the IP addresses were traced and the police investigated the entire matter and ultimately arrested Manish Kathuria on the said complaint. Manish apparently pleaded guilty and was arrested. Actions: A case was registered under section 509, of the Indian Penal Code (IPC). Nothing in IT Act.

Blackmailing

Facts: A Dubai based NRI was lured by anonymous women on internet who after winning his confidence and love started blackmailing him under the guise that the first women with whom the NRI got befriended had committed suicide and police is investigating the case and seeking NRI’s details. The accused also sent fake copies of the letters from CBI, High Court of Calcutta, New York police and Punjab University etc. The NRI by that time had paid about Rs. 1.25 crore to the accused. Investigation: By Mumbai Police Thankfully, the NRI has saved all the emails which he has so far received from the strangers he has been communicating with. The I.P. Address embedded in all e-mails received by complainant reveals the origin of the emails. The man assuming these various identities is a single person. Actions: Charges framed u/s 292, 389, 420, 465, 467, 468, 469, 471, 474 IPC...
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