Blood Pressure

Topics: Blood pressure, Hypertension, Heart Pages: 2 (612 words) Published: January 27, 2013
Blood pressure is the force of blood pushing against the walls of the arteries as the heart pumps blood. The heart pumps blood into the arteries (blood vessels), which carry the blood throughout the body. Blood pressure is one of the vital signs. High blood pressure (hypertension) is a serious condition that can lead to various health problems (coronary heart disease, heart failure, stroke).It is dangerous because it makes the heart work harder to pump blood to the body and contributes to hardening of the arteries, or atherosclerosis, and to the development of heart failure. It is important to know your blood pressure number, even if you're feeling fine, as the condition itself doesn't have any signs or symptoms. Blood pressure is measured as systolic and diastolic pressures. Systolic refers to blood pressure when the heart beats while pumping blood. Diastolic refers to blood pressure when the heart is at rest between beats. Normal blood pressure is considered 120 (systolic) over 80 (diastolic)and less. High blood pressure is considered 140/90 and higher. Several factors and conditions may play a role in the development of high blood pressure, including Smoking, Being overweight/obese, no physical activity, too much salt in your diet, too much alcohol consumption, stress, older age (blood pressure tends to rise with age, following a healthy lifestyle would help some people to delay or prevent the rise in blood pressure), genetics, family history of blood pressure, chronic kidney disease and adrenal and thyroid disorders. To prevent high blood pressure you have to maintain a healthy weight, as being overweight can make you two to six times more likely to develop high blood pressure than if you are at your desirable weight. It's also important to get regular exercise. People who are not into sports, could at least walk for a little bit every day. People who are physically active have a lower risk of getting high blood pressure. Try to reduce stress, eat healthy,...
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