Blood and Oil Essay

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Michael T. Klare,
Blood and Oil: The Dangers and Consequences of America’s Growing Dependency on Imported Petroleum (New York: Metropolitan Books/Henry Holt, 2004).
Preface
How to explain the post-Cold War violence? Some attribute it to identity politics (xi-xii). Pace
Samuel Huntington, the cause is a struggle for resources (xii). Oil as special resource: 2001 and since revelatory of the consequences of oil dependency (xiii-xv). Goal of book: “Tracing the evolution of U.S. oil policy and weighing its consequences for the future” (xvi). Ch. 1: The Dependency Dilemma: Imported Oil and National Security. Cento (1-4). Military sees it as an extension of the 1980 Carter Doctrine (5-6).Similar development elsewhere of military as “global oil-protection service” (6-7). Oil asked to U.S. economic and military strength (7-10). “Oil makes this country strong; dependency makes us weak” (11). U.S. policy has been to “securitize” oil (12).Dependency on imported oil surpassed 50%in April 1998 (13). Late 1990s policy debate (14). George W. Bush acknowledges problem but does not really counter dependency with policies (15). “Dependency is not a static condition”. (15)  Forecasts of growing dependency through 2025 (17-18). Table of proven reserves (19). Reserves in volatile regions (18, 20-21). U.S. presence in these regions and the nature of the oil industry are inherently destabilizing (21-22). Competition (or demand) for oil is increasing (22-23).Result: global economic instability (23).Ineffectiveness of military strategy, which has serious unintended consequences (24-26). Ch. 2: Lethal Embrace: The American Alliance with Saudi Arabia. Importance of “U.S.-Saudi relationship” (26-27). Anxiety about oil supplies in early 1940s led to decision in favor of “substantial and orderly expansion of production in Eastern Hemisphere sources of supply, principally the Middle East” (April 1944, “Foreign Petroleum Policy of the United States”) (28-30). SOCAL creates CASOC and finds...
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