University of Kentucky
Throughout America’s history there have been many struggles with equality amongst the many racial identities that live in this “melting pot.” Acceptance of the many races is a continuous goal in the war on racism in America. Once accepted, many racial identities go under huge scrutiny by the media, society, and their other racial counterparts, etc. Black Sexual Politics by Patricia Hill Collins is a critical analysis of blacks in America and blacks as a race. The book analyzes this race on various levels, and these levels include, but are not limited to the following: the concept of “new” racism, gender ideology within the race, and the potential for progression of the racial politics. Collins makes many points and observations about the effect that blacks’ interactions have on each other and their view in society. An analytical look will be taken on each major subject that Collins talks about in Black Sexual Politics. Collins’ take on situations will be analyzed on a deeper level, and then connected to the SOC 235 course. Collins focuses on some of the past issues ad ties them to present issues. The social inequality being focused on in this book is that of the image of black people as a whole. Collins also talks a lot about the fact that there seems to be a rise in what she refers to as “new racism.” In addition, she believes that as a race, black people should challenge their views of society amongst the majority white population. The Old and the New
Collins spends a large amount of the book talking about what she refers to as “new racism.” By her definition this is new, or different, from traditional racism in a number of ways. Collins (2004) explains her three views of how racism is now new when she states: First, new patterns of corporate organizations have made for an increasingly global economy. One outcome is that, on a global scale, wealth and poverty continue to be racialized, with people of African descent disproportionately poor. Second, local, regional, and national governmental bodies no longer yield the degree of power that they once did in shaping racial policies. The new racism is transnational.[…] Third, the new racism relies more heavily on the manipulation of ideas within mass media. These new techniques present hegemonic ideologies that claim that racism is over. (pg. 54)
Collins moves beyond historical intersectional analysis by developing an argument that the “new racism” has emerged. Collins argues that the “new racism” has emerged to lock previous cultural narratives in place. She argues that there are still many ways that blacks are held back as a whole. Meizhu Lui confirms Collins’ suspicions of such. Lui says, “The Depressions wiped out black progress, which did not resume at all until the New Deal Period. Even then, African Americans were often barred from the new assest-building programs that benefitted whites.” (p. 105). Lui mentions that, in the United States, things such as poor housing, healthcare and illiteracy and unemployment are modern bonds of slavery since they are holding blacks back. Collins says that these are all just transformed versions of slavery from the traditional time period. Collins mentions that the cause of this transformation is globalization, transnationalism and proliferation. According to Collins, this “new racism” isn’t noticed by blacks today because society and the media camouflage it as being normal. She believes that blacks have been led to believe that racism is gone, when, if fact, racism has just changed from what it used to be.
Collins argues that as a race, black people should challenge their views of society amongst the majority white population. From Collins’ perspective, black people as a whole don’t do much to help themselves on the issues. Society has painted such a negative view of them as a racial identity. Collins concludes that blacks could be...