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Politics
Elements:
Power
Authority
Influence
Rules
Definition
Politics is the study of power and the powerful, of influence and the influential, of rulers and the ruled and of authority and the authoritative. Politics is the struggle for advantage
Politics is the art of compromise to achieve certain ends
Politics is who gets what, when and how (Lasswell)
Politics is the art and science of governance; the means by which the will of the community is arrived at and implemented; the activities of a government, politician or political party. The pursuit and exercise of political power necessary to make binding policy decisions for the community and to distribute patronage and other governmental benefits. The capacity to say no to something dangerous and inimical to public interest (Salonga) Corruption

Mediocrity
Dishonesty
Fraud, and
All forms of unethical practice in the performance of public service Politics exists at any time, at any place, with anybody trying to own and exercise power and influence to attain given objectives.

ESSENTIALS OF POLITICS
Power-capacity to get things done
Process-methods, techniques, approaches and procedures
Organization-machinery to carry out plans, etc.
Opportunity-chances for advantage and gains
Leadership-exercise of authority
Laws-rules, regulations, policies and guidelines
Influence-ways of achieving outcomes
Impact-positive feeling, thinking and doing towards positive change Timelines-use of deadlines
Team-group
Issues-problems, concerns & programs
Intelligence-wise and advance use of information, skill, talents and other resources Communication-development and promotion of messages
Costs-cash and non-cash requirements
Security-of information and resources for stability and mobility Strategy-tactics, actions, means and ways

People
Purpose-reasons and causes
On-line-being one with technology (WEBOCRACY)
Opinion-desk-collection of feedbacks
Liberty-freedom
Listening-getting the message to have a correct response
Inventory-asset and liberty
Innovativeness-new way of doing things
Training-increasing the core competencies
Trustworthiness-dependability, character, reputation, credibility Integration-getting/putting all parts of the system together Integrity-holding to one’s own principles in doing things
Creativity-resulting in innovations/prescriptions in politics Charisma-more than popularity; credibility
Style-that which catch public imagination
Space-turf, area and territory

Approaches to the study of politics
1. The traditional/historical approach
2. The scientific/behavioral approach
3. The general theory approach
4. The systems approach
5. The structural-functional approach
6. The political economy approach

Images of Politics
1. Board-Room (BORO) politics – decision-making by business elites and professionals 2. Bureaucratic (BUREAU) politics – rule-making and adjudication by bureaucrats 3. Congress (CON) politics – policy making by legislators, constrained by various constituencies 4. Chief Executive (CHEX) politics – process dominated by the President, Governors, Mayors and their advisers 5. Court-Room (CORO) politics –court orders and decisions of court officials 6. Multi-media (MUME) politics – galvanization of public opinion through mass media 7. Faith-Based (FABA) politics – decisions made by leaders and members of religious groups 8. Game of the Generals (GAGE) politics – calculated decisions of the military and police generals and their subordinates 9. Civil Society (CISO) politics – the high-profile engagement of proactive lobbying of voluntary groups 10. X-men politics – includes factors that are less mentioned, less named, less involved but are actively engaged in fixing and managing self-serving political decisions; this is otherwise referred to as covert political operations 11. Youth politics

12. Political party politics

Power – refers to the ability or the right to do something; the ability to exercise...
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