Bison – c. 15,000 – c. 10,000 BC Altamira, Spain.
In Altamira, we find many painted animals on the walls of the cave. They are located near the town of Santallina del Mar in Cantabria, Spain. 30Km West of the City of Satander.This cave is one of the most caves we find in the Franco – Cantabrian traingle. We also find Lascaux located near the village of Montignac, in the Dordogne. The Altamira cave relates to that of Lascaux because they both have cave paintings mostly regarding animals. In Altamira we find many examples of bisons, deers, wild bores, horses etc, while in Lascaux we find the Great Hall of Bulls, the famous chinese horse and many more forms of animals. The Franco –Cantabrian area mentioned earlier is a term applied in Archaeology and History to refer to an area that stretches from Asturias, in northern Spain, to Provence in SE France. It includes the southern half of France and the northern strip of Spain looking at the Bay of Biscay (known as Cantabrian Sea). Northern Catalonia is sometimes included as well.
This region shows intense homogeneity in the prehistorical record and was possibly the most densely populated region of Europe in the Late Paleolithic. Several painters were influenced by the Altamira cave paintings. Picasso is often quoted as having declared "after Altamira, all is decadence" however, no source exists for this quote and there is no record of him ever visiting Altamira or any prehistoric cave. As I said before many of the natural caves found in the Franco-Cantabrian Traingle including Lascaux, Altamira, Niaux, Pech Merle and many other ; the typical subject of the cave paintings were animals. In Niaux for example we find cave paintings of horses and bulls, in Altamira we find polychrome rock paintings of wild mammals and human hands. It varies from one cave to the other. To do these beautiful forms of animals, they first used flints to smoothen the walls, then extract mineral colours from rocks and using...
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