Birth to 19 Years

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NCFE L2 Award in support work in schools

Unit 1
Task 1
1.1
Describe the expected pattern of childrens and young peoples development from birth to 19 years

Birth|
Able to cry to get attention| |
Learning through touch, taste and hearing| |
Swallowing and sucking reflexes to ensure baby can be feed| |

3-6 months| | |
Physical development| Communication and intellectual development| Social Emotional and behavior development| Sleeps a lot and grows fast| Concentrates on familiar voices| Experiences emotions, happy, scared, angry| Tries to lift head| Aware of smells| Requires security|

Starts to kick legs| Explore by putting object into their mouths| Cries to communicate| | Observes objects that move| Responds to smiles from family and friendly strangers| | Recognises familiar voices| Becomes attached to parent/carer| | Aware of sound (turns towards sound)| Experiences emotions, happy, scared, angry| | | |

| | |

6-9 months| | |
Physical development| Communication and intellectual development| Social, emotional and behavior development| Moves head round to follow people and objects| Responds with smiles| Responds positively to others by 9 months they are aware of strangers| Begins to sit with support from 6 months| Recognises familiar faces| Communicates by making noises| Learns to crawl from about 6 months| Enjoys looking at pictures and books| Develops other attachment to people they see regular| Transfers objects from hand to hand| Starts babbling using single syllable sounds eg daa, baa| Demonstrates strong emotion through facial expressions and body language| Enjoys finger play| By 7 months uses two syllable sounds eg dada, baaba| Has clear likes and dislikes| Drops objects and searches for them from about 8 months| Shouts to get attention| | Enjoys water play| Knows familiar faces| |

| Shows interest in everything| |
| Enjoys games such as peep po| |
| Observes what happens at home and out| |

9-18 months| | |
Physical development| Communication and intellectual development| Social, emotional and behavior development| Very mobile e.g crawls, cruises and walks| Explore environment using their senses but has no sense of danger| Responds to simple instruction (if they want to)| Needs a safe environment to explore as they become more active| Concentrates more but still has a short attention | Communicates using a limited amount of words| Throws toys deliberately| Still tries to imitate sounds e.g joins syllables so it’s more like sentencing such as maama-baaba-daa| Shows egocentric behavior e.g doesn’t want to share toys| Watches ball rolling towards them and tries to push it back| Learns to say their real first words e.g everyday things| Can be aggressive to other children| Has a mature pincer grasp and can scribble with crayons| Observes people and tries to imitate their actions| Shows fear in new situations e.g visiting somewhere new| Holds cup and tries to feed themselves| Searches for hidden or dropped objects| Relies on parent/carer for reassurance when scared| Still enjoys finger rhyme action songs| Learns that objects can be grouped together| Can become upset when other children are upset| Points to objects| Continues to store information through images| |

18 months to 2 years| | |
Physical development| Communication and intellectual development| Social, emotional and behavior development| Starts using potty but has difficulty keeping dry| Starts talking to gain information e.g asking “what’s that?”| Responds positively to others| Can feed themselves| Recognises objects from books and pictures| Communicates better with others and responds to simple instruction| Tries to throw ball by has difficulty catching| Points to object they want| Likes helping adults and tries to imitate their activities| Bends down to pick objects up| Can...
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