Birth Control Issues

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Did you know that 99% of women have been birth control users at one point in their life? Birth control has many positive and negative effects on the world today. This paper will share with you a few facts: the history of birth control, birth control today, social views of birth control, government views of birth control, and the final look on birth control (“Contraceptive Use in the US”). Birth Control was first created in the 1700’s when Casanova made condoms from sheep-bladder with half a lemon as a makeshift cervical cap. Years after that in 1839, Charles Goodyear invented technology to vulcanize rubber to make rubber condoms. In 1873 Congress passed an “antiobscenity law” that considered birth control as explicit and banned its distribution (London).

Margaret Sanger opened America’s first family-planning clinic in Brooklyn in 1916, but was closed after 10 days of opening. In 1921, Margaret Sanger founded the American Birth Control League, which is now known as the Planned Parenthood Federation of America (London).

In 1938, a judge lifted the federal obscenity ban on birth control but contraceptives still remained illegal in many states. In 1954, the first human pill trial was held on 50 women in Massachusetts. In 1960, a huge step happened. The FDA approved “Enovid” as a birth control pill. Nearly half of a million Americans were already using this pill for “therapeutic purposes” (London).

In 1980, the pill really took off. Nearly 10.5 million of American women were taking the pill. In 2010, a study of 46,000 women over 40 years of being on the Pill showed that they are more likely to live longer and less likely to die prematurely of all causes (London).

According to an article on Gutmacher.com, over 99 percent of women use a contraceptive or a birth control method today (Contraceptive Use in the US). There are many different methods. Barrier methods consist of the contraceptive sponge, cervical cap, female and male condoms. Hormonal methods consist of oral contraceptives (the most common), the patch, shots, and vaginal rings. Implantable devices consist of implantable rods and intrauterine devices. Sterilization implants and surgical sterilization is a form of permanent birth control (Johnson). Lastly, there is emergency contraception, which is the “morning after pill,” or more well known as Plan B. This pill is used to prevent pregnancy up to 5 days after unprotected sex. According to Planned Parenthood, there have been no reports of serious complications with the Plan B pill. Planned Parenthood also states that the Plan B pill is 85 percent effective (Johnson). The main controversy with the Plan B pill is that it could be considered abortion. The fact that Plan B is offered in stores, it is creating questions on whether birth control should be offered on the shelf. Next are the social aspects of the birth control pill (Granzow).

Birth control is extremely popular in America today. Many women view birth control as “sexual freedom.” Men would use condoms and women were always afraid it would result in a pregnancy. Now, women are in the same playing field as men are with not being afraid as often (Gordon).

Birth control has gone from being something rarely talking about to a casual subject now. This leads into women speaking freely about their sexual life. Casually, women have changed their social lives into a more intense conversation with adding in sex and birth control (Gordon).

Another part of the social aspects of birth control is sex education in schools. Many high schools provide sexual education that educates kids on sex and encourages the use of abstinence until marriage, rather than birth control. Colleges offer many different types of sexual education. Point Park University offers Health Fairs and “The Condom Carnival,” to educate students and give out free condoms to protect students from pregnancy and STD’s (Lindberg).

The only problem with education in high schools is...
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