Bipolar Disorder: Mental Illness

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Bipolar Disorder: Mental Illness

Hodges University

PSY2012
Professor Harwood
February 28, 2013

Table of Contents
Abstract……………………………………………………………………………………….3 Definition of Bipolar………………………………………………………………………….6
History of Bipolar…………………………………………………………………………6
Myths about Bipolar Disorder…………………………………………………………….7 Who Does Bipolar Disorder Affect? …………………………………………………………8
Children with Bipolar disorder……………………………………………………………8
Elderly with bipolar disorder……………………………………………………………...8 Bipolar Disorder-The Phases and Symptoms…………………………………………………9 Bipolar Disorder-The Diagnosis and Treatment……………………………………………..10 Summary……………………………………………………………………………………..11 References……………………………………………………………………………………12

Abstract
Bipolar disorder is a mental illness that has affected people for years. Research can be tracked as far back as the 1st century in Greece. There are myths about bipolar disorder like, “Am I crazy? But research has proven that myth to be false. Bipolar disorder has stages ranging from severe manic to severe depressed mood swings. They last a short or long period of time. The symptoms are not easily detected and the treatments are extensive. Bipolar disorder is detected in children and the elderly with a diagnosis from specialized mental health doctors and is treated with different methods than the average age person with the disorder. People with bipolar disorder can live all most normal happy lives.

Bipolar Disorder: Mental Illness
Bipolar disorder has affected people for many years. It was detected back in the 1st century and later given the name Manic-depressive disorder and is known today as bipolar disorder. It is a medical disease with mood swings ranging from mild hypomania or mild depression to severe mania or severe depression. According to Bressert (2007) “the current thinking is that a predominantly biological disorder that occurs in a specific part of the brain and is due to a malfunction of the neurotransmitters (chemical messengers in the brain).” The cause of bipolar disorder is not quite known, but it is said that Genetic, and environmental factors might play a part in the beginning and advancement of the disease. There have been many myths surrounding the bipolar disorder disease. “While bipolar disorder is a serious mental disorder, it is no more serious than most other mental disorders” (Grohol, 2009). “Does it mean a person is crazy?” That is one of the more common myths. Myths about bipolar Disorder are caused by lack of knowledge on the subject, but in recent year’s books, articles and even T.V. shows are featuring more accurate facts about the disorder. “Bipolar disorder affects about 2 million people in the United States in any given year. Both men and women are affected at the same rate.” (Bressert, 2007). A family’s history can have some bearing on the diagnosis of a person with the disease, a parent, sibling, or ancestor might have or had the illness. The age range for the inception of bipolar disorder is from adolescents to the elderly. A juvenile may be diagnosed with Cyclothymic, which includes Hypomanic and mild depressive episodes. ‘Bipolar disorder in later life is a complex and confounding neuropsychiatric syndrome with diagnostic and therapeutic challenges” (Trinh & Forester, 2007). In older patients it is important to maintain their medication and therapy. No matter what age a person is that suffers from bipolar disorder, a thorough diagnosis and treatment should be administered. Most people have feelings of happiness and irritation in their everyday life that may last from hours to one day, but people with bipolar disorder can have these feelings that last from days, weeks to even months. Their mood can change from high to low with periods of normalcy in between. Bressert (2007) states that, “bipolar disorder often is not recognized by the patient, relatives, friends, or even physicians. However, recognizing the mood states that occur is...
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