Bipolar Disorder

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Bipolar Disorder


Toni Black

Andrew Bertrand


What is Bipolar Disorder?
Bipolar disorder, is also known as manic-depressive illness, this is a brain disorder that causes unusual mood swings, energy levels are either up or down and your ability to function a normal everyday life would be a challenge to these individuals with this mental illness. The normal ups and downs that people experience who doesn’t have bipolar disorder is relatively different because with bipolar disorder it is more severe, it can result in loss of jobs, poor school performance, and even thoughts of suicide. History of Bipolar Disorder.

Bipolar disorder is one of the oldest known mental illnesses. Some researchers have revealed the symptoms in early medical records as far back as the second century. The findings went unnoticed until 1650. A scientist by the name of Richard Burton wrote a book “The Anatomy of Melancholia”, this book focused mostly on depression, his findings are and still used to this day in the mental illness field. Richard Burton is being called the father of depression as a mental illness.

Jules Falret in 1854 became the doctor who connected the two depressions and suicide. This led him to the term bipolar disorder he was able to find similarities between the moments of depression and the mood swings. This was recognized to be different from just depression, and in 1875 what he recorded was the term Manic-Depressive Psychosis, a psychiatric disorder. Another fact that Falret found that the disease may be found in certain families and with this finding there was a genetic link to this mental illness.

Francois Baillarger assumed there was a significant difference between bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. Baillarger described the depressive phase of the disease. With his findings that allowed bipolar disorder to get its own classification separating it from other mental disorders during that time. Emil Krapelin came up with the term manic-depressive in 1913, studying the effects of depression and there was a small portion concerning the manic state. It took fifteen years to get to this approach to mental illness then it was fully accepted into the early 1930’s

There was an article that appeared in The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disorder, after careful review the genetics behind the disorder and showing that the chances of manic-depression disorder ran in families and some was already diagnosis with this order and then committed. During most of the 1960’s many that were committed had little or no help was provided financially because the government refused to take the manic-depression as an illness. It wasn’t until the early 1970’s that the laws were put into act to that diagnosis with the illness. In 1979 the National association of mental illness was founded (NAMI). Bipolar disorder replaced manic-depressive disorder in 1980. During that time further research could determine the difference between adult and childhood bipolar disorder. The myths about bipolar disorder.

Myth: Individuals with bipolar disorders cannot lead a normal life.
Fact: People with bipolar disorder have lead happy productive lives with satisfying relationships. Bipolar can be very challenging living with this disorder, there are treatments and learning coping skills with support from family and friends there is no way that this individual could not live a full and happy life.

Myth: Individuals with bipolar disorder moods switch from manic and depression.
Fact: People do switch from extreme episodes of mania and depression, but they are mostly depressed at times. It will sometimes go unrecognized because it is so mild and that person can go for long periods of time without any symptoms.

Myth: People with bipolar disorder it only affects their mood.
Fact: It affects not only their mood but their energy level, judgment, lack of concentration, and it can also be link to drug...
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