Bipolar Disorder

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I choose to research bipolar disorder. This runs in my family. My mom and grandfather both have bipolar both to a different degree of severity. I have always kind of understood what it all entails but never really looked it up. Bipolar disorder is where people go back and forth between periods of good moods and depression. The mood swings between mania and depression can be very quick. The cause of bipolar is unknown but is seen in relatives of people who have it. In most people with bipolar disorder, life changes, medications, periods of sleeplessness, and drug use can trigger a manic episode.

The manic phase can last from days to months. Symptoms of the manic phase include being easily distracted, little need for sleep, poor judgement, reckless behavior, and being very agitated or irritated. If someone has bipolar disorder II, the symptoms of mania are similar but less intense. The depressed phase of bipolar disorder includes daily sadness, eating problems, difficulty concentrating, overeating, weight loss, fatigue, feeling hopeless. Bipolar disorder also has a high risk of suicide associated with it. Manic and depressant stages may occur together after one another in what is called a mixed state.

There are many ways to diagnose a bipolar disorder. When you visit a health care provider they will ask about your family history and recent mood swings. They will then perform an examination to look for illnesses that may be causing the symptoms. They will look to see if any thyroid problems or drug levels are evident through lab tests. Drug use may cause symptoms of bipolar.

These periods of depression and mania return even with treatment. The patient needs to avoid staying a hospital and prevent self-injury and suicide. The episodes need to be less frequent and severe. Many times several drugs known as mood stabilizers are used first. Electroconvulsiver therapy may be used to treat the manic or depressive phase if the patient does not respond to...
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