Bipolar and Narcissistic: A Study of Personality Disorders
Extreme mood swings punctuated by periods of generally even-keeled behavior, is how bipolar disorder is defined as. Bipolar disorder symptoms usually do not show up until a person is in their mid-twenties and continues throughout their life. The disorder can be treated but without treatment it can cause major problems in that person’s life.
Bipolar disorder is also known as manic-depressive illness. It is a brain disorder that can cause unusual change in a person’s mood, energy, and ability to function. Everyone goes through ups and downs throughout their day, but a bipolar person’s ups and downs are more severe and can affect their everyday lives. These ups and downs are called mania and depression.
Symptoms of bipolar disorder depend on if the person is in a manic episode or a depressive episode. A manic episode may include symptoms of increased energy or restlessness, excessively “high” good mood, extreme irritability, racing thoughts and talking super fast, they may get distracted really easily, spending sprees, and increased sex drive. A manic episode can be diagnosed if the mood occurs with three or more of the other symptoms, the majority of the day, almost every day, for a week. If the person has the irritable symptom four additional symptoms must be present for it to be a manic episode. A depressive episode may include symptoms of lasting sad, anxious, or empty mood, feelings of pessimism, guilt, worthlessness, lost of interest in activities the person once enjoyed, decreased energy, sleeping to much or not sleeping at all, thoughts of death or suicide or attempts at suicide. A depressive episode can be diagnosed if the mood occurs with five or more of these symptoms that last most of the day, almost every day, for a period of two weeks or longer. With these manic and depressive episodes a person will need to try and seek treatment because these episodes can be very harmful to the person...
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