Biomechanics of Wrestling Suplex

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The origins and history of wrestling date back as far as 15,000 years with depictions of wrestling found in cave drawings in France. Wrestling is one of the oldest historical sports rivaled only by track and field, and has been seen in ancient literature and games of Greece and early Egypt. The most notable influence of wrestling comes from the Olympics, where it was introduced in 708BC . There are many forms of wrestling including Greco-Roman, Freestyle, Folk style, and Catch wrestling; all of which operate at different levels and have unique sets of rules. Freestyle wrestling is one of the most popular as it is employed at the high school, college, and Olympic level, where the ultimate goal is to throw and pin your opponent to the mat, which results in an immediate win. Freestyle wrestling is the most complete style of standup wrestling and brings together traditional wrestling, judo and sambo techniques.

I choose to research wrestling because it is a sport I participated in while I was in high school and now use its application in my amateur mixed martial arts career. I had always found the suplex throw to be one of the flashiest and most detrimental takedowns from the feet which is why I choose to analyze this movement for my project. The suplex is seen in nearly all forms of wrestling and is said to be one of the most effective throws in the sport. The technique employed to complete this throw successfully without injury to yourself or an opponent requires an advanced understanding of the sport, above average skill and unique biomechanics; which makes it a perfect topic for more extensive analysis.

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When performing the suplex throw there are three major phases that produce the collaborative move. There is the movement that gains control of the opponent and acts as the pre-loading of momentum to initiate the following movement, there is then the actual lift portion where the opponent is taken off the ground, and there is the movement in which the opponent makes contact with the ground once again and the active individual gains control of the opponent on the floor. The sequence of pictures displays eleven figures and steps in sequential order to perform the suplex throw. The preliminary phase is depicted by the first three figures and is the set up and pre-loading of momentum, the act phase is the explosive movement of bringing the opponent off the ground and over the shoulder of the active individual whilst the active individual falls backwards, The follow-through phase is the movement that brings the opponent back into contact with the ground and secures position of the opponent on the floor.

Chapter 2

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The Preliminary Phase

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|Left Ankle |Plantar flexion | |Right Ankle |Dorsiflexion | |Left Knee |Slight flexion | |Right Knee |Flexion | |Left Hip |Flexion, Abduction, Slight internal rotation | |Right Hip |Flexion | |Trunk |Slight lateral flexion | |Left Shoulder |Flexion, Abduction, Horizontal adduction | |Right Shoulder |Flexion, Abduction,...
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