Biome Essay

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Savanna

The African Savanna biome is a tropical grassland in Africa between latitude 15° North and 30 degrees S and longitude 15 degrees W and 40° West. It covers Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Cote D'ivore, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Sudan, Ethiopia, Somalia, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Botswana, and South Africa. Around 2 million large plant-eating mammals live in the savanna. There are 45 species of mammals, almost 500 species of birds, and 55 species of acacia in the Serengeti Plains. There are animals such as lions, African wildcats, klipspringer, steenbok, Burchell's zebra, African Savanna monitor, and puff adders. They have the largest diversity of hoofed animals in the world including antelopes, wildebeest, buffalos, zebras, and rhinoceros. Fire, ground water, water table, soil's moisture retention, landforms (plateau, mountain, valley) and their slope ( < 3% to > 10%), soil temperate, days of cloud cover versus days of sun for amount of sunlight and it influence, first & last frost dates for growing season. Focus on the limiting factors of the air supply, precipitation, soil types, & light.

The leaders of African Savanna

Common name: Lion
Scientific name: Panthera Leo
Lions adapt to any environment according to the availability of prey, water and shelter. Lions will hunt what ever prey is available to hunt, therefor either getting bigger or smaller.

Common name: Koala Bear
Scientific name: Phascolarctos cinereus
koalas do not live in the savanna. They can only live in eucalyptus bushland. Savanna does not provide either the food or shelter which koalas need.

Common name: Black Mamba
Scientific name: Polylepis

Common name: Carcal
Scientific name: Carcal

Common name: Nile Crocodile
Scientific name: Niloticus

The Ecosystem of...
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