Biology Test Questions

Topics: Cell membrane, Protein, Signal transduction Pages: 4 (842 words) Published: April 3, 2015
STUDY QUESTIONS FOR TEST 3 (Major concepts)—CHAPTERS 5, 6, 7 This study guide does not include everything you need to know for the exam. It an overview of main topics that I thought were important in lecture—make sure you’ve studied your book, completed the questions at the end of each chapter, answered all of the study guide questions, and taken the practice exam a few times! I would recommend either writing out the answers or, if you’re studying with someone else, talk through these questions. Challenge yourself to answer in as much detail as possible! This study guide was formed in part by previous 213 LA’s. Chapter 5:

What is cell theory?
Identify the different types of microscopy. How are they similar, different, and how does light enhance or hinder various types of microscopy? Why is surface-area-to-volume ratio important for a cell?

List the differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells (general structure, organelles, genetic material, etc.). What cellular processes occur in the nucleus? Why is it important for the nucleus to have two membranes and tightly regulated pores? What are these structures called? What is the difference between chromatin and chromosomes?

What is the endomembrane system?
What are the structural and functional differences between the rough and smooth endoplasmic reticulum? What are ribosomes and what function do they serve in the cell? Where in the cell are they located? What is the function of the Golgi apparatus? Explain the cis and trans regions of the organelle. What is the difference between a primary and secondary lysosome? What is the function of a lysosome? Explain the structures of mitochondria and chloroplasts. What are the unique features of these organelles that have given rise to the theory of endosymbiosis? What class of organelles do chloroplasts belong to? What are some other examples from this class? Why are vacuoles so important for a plant or protist cell? What do plants and what do protists use the...
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