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Summary of Results for Celia Ngale
Site Title:

MyPsychLab for Wood, World of Psychology, 7e
Book Title:

World of Psychology, 7/e
Book Author:

Wood
Location on Site:

Chapters > Chapter 5: Learning > Pre-Test
Date/Time Submitted:

March 29, 2012 at 3:10 AM (UTC/GMT)

Overall Score: 24% of 25 questions
Topic

Score

Proficient?

Classical Conditioning: The Original View

3 of 10

No; See pages 151-156

Classical Conditioning: The Contemporary View

1 of 1

Yes

Operant Conditioning

2 of 11

No; See pages 161-174

Cognitive Learning

0 of 3

No; See pages 175-181

More information about scoring

1.

With which of the following is Ivan Pavlov most closely associated?

Your Answer:

classical conditioning
2.

It is important to remember that classical conditioning pairs a(n) __________ with a natural reflex-producing stimulus.

Your Answer:

neutral stimulus
3.

A(n) _____________ is the learned response that comes to be elicited by a conditioned stimulus as a result of its repeated pairing with an unconditioned stimulus.

Your Answer:

conditioned stimulus
Correct Answer:

conditioned response
See page 153.
4.

Suppose Mary is trying to get her son to stop playing in a busy street through extinction. Will extinction achieve her goal?

Your Answer:

Absolutely.
Correct Answer:

It could, but it is not a wise idea to do so given the dangerous situation in question. See page 154.
5.

In classical conditioning, _______________ is the learned ability to distinguish between similar stimuli so that the conditioned response occurs only to the original conditioned stimulus, not to similar stimuli.

Your Answer:

spontaneous recovery
Correct Answer:

discrimination
See page 155.
6.

Pavlov discovered that after a rest period, his dogs would elicit the conditioned response after it had gone extinct. He termed this

Your Answer:

spontaneous conditioning.
Correct Answer:

spontaneous recovery.
See page 155.
7.

When a conditioned response has been weakened in the absence of an unconditioned stimulus, the result is termed

Your Answer:

(blank)

8.

Extinction is

Your Answer:

elicitation of a CR to stimuli that are similar to but not identical to the CS. Correct Answer:

the gradual reduction and eventual elimination of the CR after a CS is presented repeatedly without the unconditioned stimulus (UCS). See page 155.
9.

Pavlov demonstrated ___________________ when he taught dogs to respond to one tone but not the other.

Your Answer:

stimulus generalization
Correct Answer:

stimulus discrimination
See page 155.
10.

Why would Watson and Rayner's experiment with Little Albert probably not be performed today?

Your Answer:

Inducing a phobia-like condition in an infant would be considered unethical. 11.

An important factor in conditioning is whether or not the conditioned stimulus provides information that enables the organism to reliably __________ the occurrence of the unconditioned stimulus.

Your Answer:

predict
12.

__________ established the law of effect, which asserts that if a stimulus followed by a behavior results in a reward, the stimulus is more likely to elicit the behavior in the future.

Your Answer:

Pavlov
Correct Answer:

Thorndike
See page 161.
13.

In operant conditioning, ______________ is the tendency to make the learned response to a stimulus similar to that for which the response was originally reinforced.

Your Answer:

learning
Correct Answer:

generalization
See page 163.
14.

In operant conditioning, extinction occurs when reinforcement is

Your Answer:

offered.
Correct Answer:

withheld.
See page 163.
15.

Which of the following is NOT a secondary reinforcer?

Your Answer:

food
16.

_______________ is a pattern of reinforcement in which some, but not all, correct...
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