Topics: Bacteria, Eukaryote, Archaea Pages: 4 (926 words) Published: January 29, 2013
Biology Project

Autumn Brown

3rd block

Mrs. Stephens

More than 2,000 years ago, Aristotle began grouping plants and animals into

various categories. Although he did not consider the idea that different organisms were

related by descent, he devised a system that placed these organisms in a hierarchy. Through

classification systems, scientist have found it easier to find answers to important questions.

This way things are broken down more and easier to learn.

Classification is the systematic grouping of organisms into catagories on the basis of evolutionary or structural relationships between them. The benefit of classifying organism is it makes the study of a wide variety of organisms easy. It helps the placement of different organisms in a definite taxonomic group chich is the basic requirement of biological sciences. It helps to understand relations between different organisms. Aristotle was a famous greek philosopher, scientist and educator. He also went to school at plato’s academy. Aristotle wrote several biological works laying the foundations for comparatieve anatomy, taxonomy, and embryology. The two catagories used to classify organisms were blood and without blood.

Taxonomy is the science of naming, describing and classifying organisms and includes all plants, animal and microorganisms of the world. The father of taxonomy is Aristotle. Linnaeus differed from Arostotle because he used five kingdoms to classify instead of two. A taxon is a taxonomic category or group, such as phylum, order, family, genus, or species. The broadest taxon is kingdom and and the most specific taxon is species. Binomial nomenclature is a system for naming plants and animals by means of two latin names. The first indicationg the genus and the second being the specific epithet. The language used was Latin, the two taxons used were genus and species. It is written genus first,...
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