Biological: Psychology and Edward Osborne Wilson

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Biological Psychology Worksheet

Answer the following questions in short-essay format. Be prepared to discuss your answers.

1. What is biological psychology?
When describing biological psychology to her students at the University of Iowa, Professor Linda Walsh described it as the study of biological events; genetic, neural, endocrine- that underlies each and every one of our thoughts, feelings, and actions (Walsh, 2012). The scientific study of the biology of behavior is known as biopsychology. There are other names for this field such as, psychobiology, behavioral biology, or behavioral neuroscience. According to Pinel 2009, biopsychology is the scientific study of the biology of behavior. Biopsychology did not progress until the 20th century, however people have been studying the biology of behavior for years. There are three ways in which the biological perspective is important to how psychology is studied. The first one is there needs to be a comparative method, this means that animals of different species are studied and compared. The second is psychology, this perspective focuses on how the nervous system and hormones work as well as how the brain functions. Investigation of inheritance is the third perspective studying what traits animals inherit from their parents. All three of these perspectives play a role in understanding and studying biological psychology (McLeod, 2007). 2. What is the historical development of biological psychology?

Biological psychology has been traced back as far as Avicenna (980-1037 CE) Avicenna was a physician who realized that within the treatment of illnesses involving emotions there was a connection between heart rate and inner feelings.  This discipline continued through the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries (New World Encylopedia , 2008). Neuroscientist viewed the brain as a three dimensional arrangement of neural elements that were connected through a large...
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