Jordan Miller, Amy Showers, Sarah Wilson, Myron Reynolds, Cristine Saldate, Aisha Peeples CJA 314
May 14, 2012
Biological Criminal Behavior
People perceive that crime, primarily violent crimes, such as murder, is the most serious crime society faces in modern times. This has led to efforts by many research groups to attempt to find the cause of such criminal behavior. The focus of such research is biological issues with the belief that a biological basis in criminals does exist and that understanding biology is useful when attempting to predict the individuals who may be predisposed to criminal activity in the future. Research in the 1960s suggested that males with an extra Y chromosome were predisposed to more violent criminal behavior, although further research showed no data to support this theory. Recent research that has received widespread publicity that suggests a genetic and biochemical approach. The argument is that neither approach currently provides enough convincing evidence that criminal behavior is understandable in terms of biochemistry and genetics. History
Andrea Kennedy and Russell ‘Rusty’ Yates met at the swimming pool at the apartment complex in which they lived when they were both 25. Andrea initiated conversation with Rusty even though she was very shy and not known to be the type that would be the first to do so. She had not even been in a relationship until she was 23. After a while Andrea and Rusty moved in together, and after dating for three years, on April 17, 1993, they got married. They told several wedding guests that they were planning to have as many children as God provided for them. They later mentioned to friends that they expected to have six children. One year later Andrea Yates gave birth to her first child; a son named Noah was born February 26, 1995 (Montaldo, 2012). Within the first six years of her marriage to Rusty Yates, Andrea gave birth to five children; four boys, and one girl: Noah (1994), John (1995), Paul (1997), Luke (1999), and Mary Yates (2000). Following the birth of her second child, John, Andrea gave up her love of swimming and jogging. Friends say that she became more reclusive with the birth of each child. As the children got older Andrea began home schooling them from Christian textbooks that many friends said seemed to contribute to her self-isolation (Montaldo, 2012). Following the birth of their third child, Paul, Rusty introduced Andrea to a preacher named Michael Woroniecki who left an impression on him in college. Woroniecki, a self-proclaimed prophet, preached about following Jesus and was very adamant about sinners going to hell, although he was often in trouble himself. He even fled Michigan with his family on a bus he had converted for religious crusades to avoid prosecution for a case against him. Rusty continued to correspond frequently with Woroniecki, however. Rusty decided to also "travel light” and demanded that his family sell their most of their belongings and live in a recreational vehicle. Woroniecki eventually sold his own bus to Andrea and Rusty that the whole Yates family began living in. Andrea did not complain, however. She was known simply to go along with decisions rather than speaking out in objection. Not long after the Yates’ moved into the bus, Andrea became pregnant once again but miscarried. It did not take long for her to recover and get pregnant again, eventually giving birth to their fourth child, Luke. The addition of a fourth child made the Yates’ 350-square-foot living quarters on the bus somewhat cramped (Montaldo, 2012). Psychiatric Issues
The stress of four children and the close quarters in which they lived proved too much for Andrea Yates. She was admitted to the hospital where she remained in a state of catatonia for 10 days. She was given injections of several drugs, one of which was and anti-psychotic drug known as Haldol. Her condition improved immediately. The...