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Biography of Rizal

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* Jose Rizal
Jose Rizal (1861 - 1896), a proponent of Filipino nationalism wrote several works with highly nationalistic and revolutionary ideas.At Knowledgerush read Lineage, Life and Labors of Jose Rizal, Philippine Patriot.You'll find extensive biographical information at the Jose Rizal Web Site page Jose Rizal: A Biographical SketchStudy GuidesFor chapter summaries see Get Higher Grades In Noli Me Tangere and Understanding El Filibusterismo| This article was written by Knowledgerush staff or contributed by users. All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License.|

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José Protacio Rizal Mercado y Alonzo Realonda (June 19, 1861 – December 30, 1896), the "Pride of the Malay Race" and "The Great Malayan," is the national hero of the Philippines.As a polyglot, he mastered 22 languages including Catalan, Chinese, English, French, German, Greek, Hebrew, Japanese, Latin, Malay,Sanskrit, Spanish, Tagalog, and other Philippine languages.As a polymath, he was also an architect, artist, educator, economist, ethnologist, scientific farmer, historian, inventor, journalist, linguist,musician, mythologist, nationalist, naturalist, novelist, ophthalmologist, physician, poet, propagandist, sculptor, and sociologist.A famous patriot, the anniversary of Rizal's death, December 30, is now celebrated as a holiday in the Philippines, called Rizal Day.FamilyThe seventh of the eleven children of Francisco Mercado and Teodora Alonzo. José Rizal was born into a prosperous middle class Filipino family in the town of Calamba in the Province of Laguna. Dominican friars granted the family the privilege of the lease of a hacienda and an accompanying rice farm, but contentious litigation followed; later, Valeriano Weyler y Nicolau had the buildings destroyed.Rizal is the descendant of Domingo Lam-co, a Chinese immigrant who sailed to the Philippines from Amoy, China in the mid 17th century (see Chinese Filipino). Lam-co married Inez de la Rosa,...