Biography of Francisco Dagohoy

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  • Topic: Dagohoy Rebellion, Francisco Dagohoy, Bohol
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  • Published : December 10, 2012
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DagohoyBiography of Francisco Dagohoy
Francisco Dagohoy was a Filipino revolutionary leader in Bohol who holds the distinction of spearheading the longest armed revolution in the history of the Philippines, the Dagohoy rebellion which lasted roughly 85 years, from 1744-1829. The famed leader of the Bohol revolt, Dagohoy was born Francisco Sendrijas in Inabanga, Bohol. Hence, apart from the fact that Dagohoy was a cabeza de barangay, little accounts of his life were recorded. According to Visayan folklore, the term "Dagohoy" came from the words Dagon and Hayohoy meaning amulet and wind respectively. During those times, Boholanos believe that Francisco had an amulet that enables him to fly. Likewise, the term "Dagon sa Hayohoy" (amulet of the wind) was coined. Consequently, it was shortened to "Dagohoy." The 85-year Dagohoy rebellion was insinuated by the abusive treatment Spanish authorities inflict upon the native Boholanos, specifically the polo y servicios or forced labor and the vandalla - an excessive taxation policy of tyrannical government officials. Nevertheless, the last straw perhaps was when Dagohoy's dead brother was deprived of a Christian burial because the latter died in a duel - an act which is banned and criticized by the Roman Catholic Church. The incident angered Dagohoy thus, he called a meeting with Boholano leaders and planned an uprising against Spain. The 85-year revolt started in January 24, 1744 with the murder of Giuseppe Lamberti, an Italian Jesuit priest and the parish priest of Jagna. Shortly, the news of the armed conflict spread all over the province. Eventually, Dagohoy himself killed Gaspar Morales, the same priest who refused a Christian burial for his brother. Dagohoy's popularity grew tenfold resulting into the increased of his followers. By the time that the Spanish authorities in Manila took charge of the situation, Dagohoy had already established an independent Boholano government in the mountainous peaks and valleys of...
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