BIOGRAPHY OF DAVID EMILE DURKIEM
Emile was born on 15th April 1858 at a place called Epinal in France. He came from a devoted French Jewish family. His father and grandparents had been Rabbi. Rabbi means Jewish teacher of law (Torah). He began his school at rabbinical school. He didn’t want to follow his father’s footsteps. He entered Ecole Normale Superieure (ENS) in 1879 in a third attempt. Only those who were intelligent were being selected to this School. Thus Emile was brilliant. It was at this school where he read about Augustine Comte and Herbert Spencer. Therefore, he became interested in studying the society. At that time French academic system had no Social Science in its curriculum. He graduated with a Degree in Philosophy. He taught Philosophy in different schools in France. In 1885 he left for Germany where he studied Sociology for two years. While in Germany he published so many articles about Social science and Philosophy. Because of these articles he gained recognition in France and received a teaching appointment at University of Bordeaux where he was to teach Social Science. It was an important time for the growth of Sociology. He was the first to introduce Sociology in French Universities. He founded European Department of Sociology at University of Bordeaux. He founded first French Social Science Magazine to develop Sociology. He became the first French Sociology Professor. He was an Advisor to the Ministry of Education .He helped to reform French education system and he introduced study of Social Science in its curriculum. In 1887, he married Louise Drefurs with whom he had two children. ( Marie and Andrie) Emile Durkiem published four important books which has contributed a lot in modern Sociology and for the future generation. In 1892 he published his first book called Division of Labour. In this book he explained about allocation of people in society according to merit and importance of collective consciousness (sharing of norms,...
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