M.SC. DEGREE, STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT & LEADERSHIP STUDIES
SWOK 6104: Communication, Culture and Conflict
BIOGRAPHY OF BENAZIR BHUTTO
By B. Phillanders
Lecturer: Ms. Therese Hadad-Maraj
Benazir Bhutto was born on June 21, 1953, in Karachi, Pakistan. She was the eldest of four children for her parents of Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali & Nusrat Bhutto. She received her early education at Catholic institutions in Pakistan and later attained her tertiary degrees in the USA and England at Harvard and Oxford Universities respectively. From 1969 to 1973 she attended Radcliffe College in Cambridge, Massachusetts, where she obtained a B.A. degree cum laude in Comparative Government. Between 1973 and 1977 Bhutto read politics, philosophy, and economics at Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford University. In December 1976 she was elected President of Oxford Union, becoming the first Asian woman to head the prestigious debating society. After receiving an education in England, she heeded her father’s instruction and returned to Pakistan. Before going to Harvard he had said to her “remember, whatever happens to you, you will ultimately return here. Your place is here. Your roots are here. The dust and mud and heat of Larkana are in your bones and it is here that you will be buried.” After two years of British exile, Benazir received a tumultuous homecoming in April 1986. Hoping to revive the campaign for representative government, on her returned to Pakistan she travelled across the country, attracting crowds that rivalled any in Pakistan’s history. In July 1987 she married Asif Ali Zardari, a member of a landowning family from Sind. The son of a politically active, wealthy landowning family from the Sindh Province, Zardari’s background was similar to that of his wife - not surprising since Bhutto acceded to a traditionally arranged marriage by her...