A Biography of Adolf Hitler

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A Biography of Hitler's Early Life

Task: Research the life of Adolf Hitler up to 1934. Write a biography of Hitler's early life.

Adolf Hitler was born on the 20th of April 1889 in Braunau, Austria. He was his parents' fourth child. Two of his brothers/sisters had died from diphtheria when they were children and one died shortly after he/she was born. His mother and father were Klara Hitler and Alois Schickelgruber. His mother showered Adolf with love and affection. His father who was a customs official showed little emotion towards his son.

When Adolf was three years old, he moved to Passau, Germany with the rest of his family. His brother, Edmond, was born two years later. The family moved again in 1895 to the Hafeld, a village which was 30 miles Southwest of Linz, Germany. His sister, Paula, was born in 1896, the sixth child of Adolf's parents. In his family was also a half brother and half sister from one of his father's previous marriages.

After another move, for six months, Adolf lived opposite a large Benedictine Monastery. On the coat of arms, which belonged to the monastery, was a swastika. Which was later to become the main symbol of the Nazi party. Whilst he was young, Adolf wanted to enter the priesthood.

There were rumours that Adolf's father regularly beat him whilst he was young. The young Adolf proved to be a talented, This first surfaced in 1900. He did well in school and his father persuaded him to enrol in a technical and scientific Realschule, he did not do very well here. Hitler stayed there until 1905, He left here when he was 16 due to ill health. He had many lung infections, resulting in bad schoolwork. He was not the only one in his family to suffer with lung problems. His father died in 1903 of a pleural haemorrhage (a blood clot on the lung), Adolf was just 14.

In 1906, Adolf visited Vienna where he applied to the Vienna academy of fine arts but his artwork was not good enough and so he was rejected. This disappointment stayed with him for the rest of his life

On the 21st December, 1907, Hitler's mother died of terminal breast cancer. A Jewish doctor, Dr. Edward Bloch, treated her, he looked after poor people. His mother died after an operation and many painful and expensive treatments, which none of them worked, Hitler was devastated, this also may have been the start of his hatred of Jews.

Adolf Hitler spent six years in Vienna, he had very little money. He lived on a small amount of money left by his father and orphan's pension. As he was homeless, in 1909, he wandered Vienna as a tramp. He slept in bars, hostels and shelters for the homeless. Ironically, most of the places he stayed were owned by Jewish philanthropists. It is around this time that he made he became known for his prejudice towards Jews, as he improved his understanding of politics and debating skills. Similarly, at this time, two of his closest friends were Jewish and he admired Jewish art dealers and Jewish opera performers and producers. Vienna was a centre of anti-Semitism, and the media's portrayal of Jews as scapegoats with stereotyped attributes did not escape his fascination.

In May 1913, Hitler tried to avoid military service so he left Vienna and moved to Munich, the capital of Bavaria. In January 1913, the Austrian police came to his door with a draft notice from the Austrian government. The document threatened a year in prison and a fine if he was found guilty of leaving where he was from with the intent of avoiding military service. Hitler was arrested on the spot and taken to the Austrian Consulate. After reporting to Salzburg,for duty, he was told he was "unfit...too weak...and unable to bear arms."

World war I was started when the assassination of the heir to the Austrian Empire, Archduke Franz Ferdinand by a Serb took place. Hitler's passions against foreigners were inflamed. He was caught up in the patriotism of the time, and sent off a request to enlist in the Bavarian army. After...
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