* Biographical criticism is a form of Literary criticism which analyzes a writer's biography to show the relationship between the author's life and their works of literature * m is the practice of analyzing a literary work through the lens of an author’s experience. * orgins
* This longstanding critical method dates back at least to the Renaissance period, and was employed extensively by Samuel Johnson in hisLives of the Poets (1779-81). * Like any critical methodology, biographical criticism can be used with discretion and insight or employed as a superficial shortcut to understanding the literary work on its own terms through such strategies as Formalism. Hence 19th century biographical criticism came under disapproval by the so-calledNew Critics of the 1920s, who coined the term "biographical fallacy" to describe criticism that neglected the imaginative genesis of literature. * Notwithstanding this critique, biographical criticism remained a significant mode of literary inquiry throughout the 20th century, particularly in studies ofCharles Dickens and F. Scott Fitzgerald, among others * Backround on theorist
* Samuel Johnson was probably the first person to use biogtaphical crittism * Samuel Johnson (18 September 1709 [O.S. 7 September] – 13 December 1784), often referred to as Dr Johnson, was an English author who made lasting contributions to English literature as a poet, essayist, moralist, literary critic, biographer, editor and lexicographer. Johnson was a devoutAnglican and committed Tory, and has been described as "arguably the most distinguished man of letters in English history". He is also the subject of "the most famous single work of biographical art in the whole of literature": James Boswell's Life of Samuel Johnson. * Key points on biographical critism
* s age, race, gender,
* family, education, and economic status inform a writer’s work. A critic...