Biographical Critisicsm

Topics: Literary criticism, Criticism, Critic Pages: 2 (422 words) Published: December 18, 2012
Biographical critism
* Biographical criticism is a form of Literary criticism which analyzes a writer's biography to show the relationship between the author's life and their works of literature * m is the practice of analyzing a literary work through the lens of an author’s experience. * orgins

* This longstanding critical method dates back at least to the Renaissance period,[citation needed] and was employed extensively by Samuel Johnson in hisLives of the Poets (1779-81).[6] * Like any critical methodology, biographical criticism can be used with discretion and insight or employed as a superficial shortcut to understanding the literary work on its own terms through such strategies as Formalism. Hence 19th century biographical criticism came under disapproval by the so-calledNew Critics of the 1920s, who coined the term "biographical fallacy"[7][8] to describe criticism that neglected the imaginative genesis of literature. * Notwithstanding this critique, biographical criticism remained a significant mode of literary inquiry throughout the 20th century, particularly in studies ofCharles Dickens and F. Scott Fitzgerald, among others * Backround on theorist

* Samuel Johnson was probably the first person to use biogtaphical crittism * Samuel Johnson (18 September 1709 [O.S. 7 September] – 13 December 1784), often referred to as Dr Johnson, was an English author who made lasting contributions to English literature as a poet, essayist, moralist, literary critic, biographer, editor and lexicographer. Johnson was a devoutAnglican and committed Tory, and has been described as "arguably the most distinguished man of letters in English history".[1] He is also the subject of "the most famous single work of biographical art in the whole of literature": James Boswell's Life of Samuel Johnson.[2] * Key points on biographical critism

* s age, race, gender,
* family, education, and economic status inform a writer’s work. A critic...
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