Bioethanol Production from Food Waste

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Ethanol Production From Food Waste
A
PROJECT REPORT
Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements
for the Award of the Degree of
Bachelor of Technology
(Biotechnology)

Under the Guidance of
Dr. S.M. Bhatt
(Associate Professor)
Department of Biosciences

By
Abhishek Agarwal
Registration No. 10809065
Roll No. RB18B2A07

Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Lovely Professional University
Phagwara –144401
November 2011

CERTIFICATE

This is to certify that Abhishek Agarwal bearing Registration no. 10809065 has completed minor project titled, “Ethanol Production from Food Waste” under my guidance and supervision.

To the best of my knowledge, the present work is the result of her original investigation and study.

No part of the dissertation has ever been submitted for any other degree at any University.

The dissertation is fit for submission and the partial fulfillment of the conditions for the award of degree of Bachelor of Technology.

Date
Dr. S.M. Bhatt
Assistant Professor
Biometric Id 14722
Lovely School Of Bio Sciences
Lovely Professional University
Phagwara, Punjab.

DECLARATION

I,Abhishek Agarwal , student of Btech Biotech+M.B.A., under Department of Biotechnology Engineering of Lovely Professional University, Punjab, hereby declare that all the information furnished in this minor project report is based on my own intensive research and is genuine.

This report does not, to the best of my knowledge, contain part of my work which has been submitted for the award of my degree either of this university or any other university without proper citation.

Date :
Abhishek Agarwal
10809065

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
The key elements concentration, dedication, hard work and application are not the only essential factors for achieving the desired goals but also guidance, assistance and co-operation of people is necessary. I would like to express my deep and sincere gratitude to my supervisor Dr. S.M. Bhatt Associate Professor. His wide knowledge and logical way of thinking have been of great value for me. His understanding and personal guidance have provided a good basis for the present report. Especially the strict and extensive comments and many discussions and the interactions with Dr. Bhatt had a direct impact on the final form and quality of this report. I also thank to all the faculty and staff members of Department of biotechnology Engineering, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, for their co-operation and support throughout the course work and also during my entire study period. I would like to make special acknowledge to some of my friends, who have been always there for me, listening to me, rejoicing, complaining and pondering my way throughout my B.Tech. study. I was very fortunate to have unconditional support from my family throughout this time. They have elucidated me the meaning of life, love and living. My loving thanks to my mother who has always kept my morals high through tough times.

(Abhishek Agarwal)

INTRODUCTION
Growth of population, increasing urbanization, rising standards of living due to technological innovations have contributed to an increase both in the quantity and variety of solid wastes generated by industrial, mining, domestic and agricultural activities. Total commercial and industrial (C&I) waste arisings in 2009 are estimated to be 55.8 million tonnes. The industrial sector accounts for 20.5 million tonnes, or 37%, with the commercial sector accounting for 35.3 million tonnes, or 63%.[1] Food waste or food loss is food that is discarded or lost uneaten. As of 2011, 1.3 billion tons of food, about one third of the global food production, is lost or wasted annually. Loss and wastage occurs on all steps in the food supply chain. In low-income countries most loss occurs during production, while in developed countries...
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