March 4, 2013
Conservation biology is a scientific discipline that devotes its focus to maintaining
and conserving the structural biological diversity of an ecosystem and its environment to
prevent the loss of or threat to a species that is caused by human or invasive species that
could result in the extinction of that species. According to the Fundamentals of Conservation
Biology, conservation biology is concerned with “keeping the wave of species extinctions
from becoming a flood” (Hunter, Jr., & Gibbs, 2007). In order to do this, conservation
biology targets the threatened species and devises ways to sustain the population and the
processes which correlate in the ecosystem.
Biodiversity is the variation of species that inhabit this planet from plants,
animals, and invertebrates to the smallest of life forms; bacteria, microorganisms and genes.
Biodiversity can be found within any and all types of ecosystems. Some ecosystems have a
rich biodiversity meaning there are several different species involved in an ecosystem or
there could be as little as two species with in an ecosystem.
A species is considered to be fauna that interbreeds and reproduces with the same
species. According to Dictionary.com the definition of a species is “the major subdivision of
a genus or subgenus, regarded as the basic category of biological classification, composed of
related individuals that resemble one another, are able to breed among themselves, but are not
able to breed with members of another species”...