January 19th, 2013
Feb. 7th,1870 - May 28th, 1937
Alfred Alder is a psychologist whom was born in Vienna, Austria. As a child, Alfred suffered with Rickets. Rickets is a disease that is caused by a lack of vitamin D, calcium, or phosphate. Rickets leads to the softening and weakening of the bones. Because of Alder having this disease, he was restricted to a wheel chair until the age of four when he was able to walk on his own. Due to Alder having Rickets disease, he was inspired to become a physician. He started his education and soon graduated from the University of Vienna in 1895 with a degree in the medical field. At first, Alder started his medical career in ophthalmology and later switched to general practice.
Later in Alder’s career, he turned his interest into the field of psychiatry. Alder was invited, by Sigmund Freud, to join a psychiatric group discussion in 1902. These meetings eventually grew into being the Vienna Psychoanalytic Society. Gradually, Alder became president of this group for a short time period before he decided to leave. Alder’s decision to leave was caused by the disagreements he had with come of Freud’s theories.
Alfred Alder broke away from his own school of thought. In 1912, Alder founded the Society of Individual Psychology. Alder came up with a theory that suggested every human has a sense of inferiority. Alder thinks that, from childhood to adulthood you are striving to show everyone that you are not inferior. You are striving to show everyone that you are superior. Alder refers to this theory as “striving for superiority.” He believes that this drive is the motivational force behind human behaviors, emotions, and thoughts.
Alfred Alder’s findings have helped with many areas of expertise. His findings have especially influenced areas such as therapy and child development. Currently in history, his...